1. Organizational structures
1.1 The definition of Organizational structures
Organization structures means the framework around which the group is organized, which would help the leader how to gather the organization and manage the organization.
1.2 Type of structures
Flat organization structure has fewer management levels, which has one level of hierarchical to consists of each department. It is appropriate for smaller companies in which a founder directs operations and for regulated businesses in which tight compliance with policies and procedures is essential.
Tall organization structure has many levels, the large or complex companies often require a tall hierarchy. In a tall structure, managers form many ranks and each has a small area of control
Matrix structure with dual channel command system, two systems of the organizational structure of the balance of power is the key. But in reality there is not an absolute balance, which will exist in the actual work of the division of powers combined two routes: the functions and products, and the formation of two kinds deepen evolution forms: functional matrix, and project matrix. The former is a functional heads as the main decision-maker, while the latter is a product or project manager based. This organizational structure is to break down the most prominent feature of the concept of a single instruction, leaving the management staff of the matrix also has two superiors.
2.1 The definition of culture
Corporate culture is a new modern enterprise management theory, business to really enter the market, out of a development of faster, better efficiency, and continuously improve the overall quality, so that the path of economic development, it is necessary to spread and deepen the enterprise culture.
2.2 Douglas Mc Gregor X. Y Theory
There are great deal of people have no ambition and they do not like any responsibility, because they do not like work, they want to escape. Therefore, most people are born self-centered, indifferent to the needs of the organization; human habits conservative, opposed to reform, exclusion change; most people not very smart and very gullible, ready to stir up trouble by demagogues as objects made some inappropriate behavior.
People do not naturally indolent, requiring work is a human instinct; ordinary people at the right encouragement, not only to accept but also take the initiative to take responsibility, not human nature to avoid responsibility, but rather the result of experience; commitment and involvement in their own goals and decisions work, the average person can be self-directed and self-control, its control, punishment cannot effectively achieve organizational goals; most people, the difficulties in solving organizational problems, can play high imagination, ingenuity and creativity; in modern industrial life conditions, the general wisdom potential only partially been played.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
“Maslow’s contention was the human beings seek satisfaction of a number of internal needs