Essay about Organizational Theory on Apple Inc.

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Pages: 11

Organizational Theory on APPLE INC.


Power is a measurement of an actor’s ability to influence the behavior, thoughts or activities of another actor (eds Ott, Parkes & Simpson 2008). Authority, power that is legitimized by the legal and cultural foundations on which an organization is based, is the ultimate source of power in a organization (Gareth R. Jones 2001). Whenever there is a use of authoritative control it creates resistance and obedience. In this essay, power and the limit of power (obedience and resistance) will be analyzed from both modernist and critical perspectives. The focus of this analysis will be on major theories of both perspectives and the importance or limitation of ideas. Similarities and
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They are only interested to make profit and strengthen their economic bases by lobbying all the support from the organization members (Crowther and Green 2004). According to Marx the workers are willingly adopting capitalist ideology and causing their self-interest to weaken (Burrell and Morgan 1979). Therefore, workers falls into state of false consciousness because they are involved in self-exploitation by supporting dominant ideology.

3.1.2 Communicative rationality

Communicative rationality allows debate, open discussion and consensus based on argument and dialog (Alvesson and Deetz 2006).
Critical theorist states that organizations uses instrumental rationality as means to benefit dominant ideology by preventing sincere and ethically informed conversation (Hatch and Cunliffe 2006). Carefully crafted agenda are set for the meeting in the capitalist organization, which would allow management to control the behaviors of employees and effectively forbidding communicative rationality to take place. This manipulation would allow the outcome of the meeting to favor the organization’s interest by exploiting employees’ ideas.
3.1.3 Workplace democracy

Powerful corporations have the ability to control institutions and question the practices of society (Alvesson 1990). Through