The Potsdam conference was held several months later but saw only one of the original leaders of the three that had met at Yalta return. Roosevelt had died so Harry Truman took his place and Churchill was replaced after a couple of days by Clement Atlee as the Conservatives were defeated in the UK elections by a landslide margin to the Labour party. The new dynamic seemed to produce even less unity than amongst the original three, not helped by the fact that America were not being upfront with how they intended to end matters with the Japanese. They were aware that they were going to drop an atomic bomb to force surrender but had not informed the Soviets fully, stating only they had developed a ‘powerful bomb’ which increased mistrust and bad feelings between the two nations. The fact that they had such advanced weaponry over the Soviets also meant that they were less willing to listen to Stalin’s demands. How Germany should be divided and controlled was also discussed at this meeting and the reparations Russia was to receive from Germany. Truman was also aggrieved by the fact Stalin had formed a communist government in Poland, breaking his earlier agreement at the Yalta conference that there would be free elections. This would also have reinforced Truman’s earlier view that the Russians could not be trusted.
According to the Orthodox interpretation of the origins of the Cold War the