World War II was a global conflict that greatly exceeded the impact of its predecessors. Essentially, Europe and Asia were dominated by three nations: Nazi Germany and Italy for Europe and Japan for Asia. The motivation of the European and Asian aggressors is traced back to the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles as well as the rise of fascism. Moreover, fascism was extremely imperative to these aggressors because it revitalized nationalism that was dormant as a result of economic depression and encouraged militarism. Therefore, Europe and Asia went to war in the 1930s because they wanted to conquer foreign lands based on those fundamental reasons. First and foremost, the terms imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 fueled the animosity of the nation. According to the treaty, Germany was responsible for the entire war, all reparations were to be paid by Germany, Germany’s colonial empire was to be split up with a few territories falling under the jurisdiction of the Allied Powers, and the military of Germany was severely demilitarized particularly in the Rhineland. Under these conditions, the Allies wanted to prevent Germany from ever being a world power. However, after over a decade of economic hardship, especially following the stock market collapse of 1929, the German people turned to Adolf Hitler. Although he rose to power through legal means, he managed to establish a dictatorship under the ideology of Nazism. By pulling Germany out of economic depression, rebuilding the military, and promising the German people revenge against the Allied Powers, Adolf Hitler gained almost full public support to initiate the conquest of Europe. Therefore, by the time Germany invaded Poland in 1939, it already controlled Austria, the Sudetenland, and Denmark. Furthermore, like Germany, Italy also believed it was denied what rightfully belonged to it. Throughout WWI, Italy fought alongside the Allied Powers, mostly against Austria-Hungary yet although Great Britain and France obtained territorial holdings under the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, Italy did not. It was from this bitterness, that the Italian Fascist Party was born. Nationalism in Italy grew significantly as Mussolini assured his people protection from socialism, the establishment of an effective government, and economic prosperity. Moreover, he promised that Italy will claim the territories it fought for in WWI. Therefore, in a decade, Mussolini was able to increase the strength of Italy’s standing army to such an extent that during the conquest of Ethiopia in 1936, “Italy lost 2,000 soldiers, whereas 275,000 Ethiopians lost their lives.” (Bentley 640). Finally, Japan went to war in the 1930s to primarily continue its…
Origins of the Cold War
The Cold War was an ideological war between the two powerhouse nations at the time, the USA and the USSR. There are multiple reasons as to why such great tension arose between the two great nations. One of these was Russia’s fear and intimidation of America, and also the fact that they felt excluded from the allied forces. The USA had proven themselves to be a dominant nation, and at one stage, Russia thought they might even attack them. This caused a lot of tension between…
The war to revolutionize all wars
The First World War was supposed to be the war to end all wars. Many of the young men and women who served in it believed this. Sadly, they were wrong. This war revolutionized how wars are fought to this day. One of the major things it changed was battlefield communication. The evolution of World War One battlefield communication is very complex.
To understand World War One battlefield communication, its background must…
To what extent was the failure and collapse of the League of Nations the cause of World War II?
The purpose of my I.A is to explain the reasons that led up to the causes of World War II and what effects it had on the individuals going through it. The main body of the investigation will include the events that led up to the conflict in the League of Nations and the Locarno Conference that made World War II a big issue. In the paper I will include information on the invasions of Manchuria, Abyssinia…
HIST 137: World Civilization to 1648
Chapter 1: The Earliest Human Societies
Homo Habilis *
Homo Sapiens: Origins
Homo Sapiens: Brain Size
Homo Sapiens: Migration
Division of Labor
Paleolithic Family and Kinship
Fertile Crescent *
involving nations of the western Hemisphere.
Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy”
the system in which support is given only to countries whose moral
beliefs are analogous to that of the nation.
Wilson’s Neutrality Policy
Wilsons advocation of neutrality rather than declaring war on Germany.
Sinking of the Lusitania
A german uboat sank an American passenger vessel ending U.S. neutrality.
Triple Entente/Triple Alliance
Triple Entente: alliance linking the Russian Empire, the French Third
Republic, and the Unite…
World War II began in 1939 and ended in 1945. The World War involved a large portion of the world’s great powers. It is considered the most widespread war in history because if involved a vast majority of the world’s nations. After the Second War, with the decline of Europe, power was evenly shared between the Soviet Union and the United States. These two superpowers both wanted to dominate the other, leading to conflict (Chung). In terms of history, there was resentment on both sides about actions…
the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".
Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku. Together, these four islands hold about 97 percent of Japan's…
pottery from Davidic times, coins from Bar Kokhba, and 2,000-year-old scrolls written in a script remarkably like the one that today advertises ice cream at the corner candy store."
The people of Israel (also called the "Jewish People") trace their origin to Abraham, who established the belief that there is only one God, the creator of the universe (see Torah). Abraham, his son Yitshak (Isaac), and grandson Jacob (Israel), are referred to as the patriarchs of the Israelites. All three patriarchs lived…
Part 1. (60 points/out of 100/10 points for each id):
Identify in detail SIX of the following nine IDS. [Include as much information as you
can. Answer the following: what/who, when, where, how, origins, historical context,
1) Wilson’s Fourteen Points (Spielvogel, p. 805 + primary source: Wilson’s
14 points )
2) The Treaty of Versailles (power point, lecture notes, and Spielvogel, p.
3) The Great Depression (power point, lecture notes, and Spielvogel, p. 815-