The Factors and Effects of Population Explosion in India, and Steps to Control Population
There are many factors contributing in the population explosion in India, and the increased population has led to many others consequences. Anyhow, steps are taken by the government of India to control this predicament. First and foremost, the high birth rate in India is the main root of the overpopulation. The high fertility rate is due to the impecunious of the country. To counter this, the nations give birth to more children, hoping that there will be more income resources. Besides, the people count upon that the survivability of their children is low and thus they keep producing more children. Moreover, most of …show more content…
The jobs obtainable in India are very inadequate. As the number of people increase, the struggle for the most basic jobs is also terrific. Thus, the rate of unemployment tends to rise even greater. The consequent is richer classes of the society will exploit the poorer. This lack of resources promotes the shortage of educational resources. Eventually, parents cannot pay for the higher level of education for their children because basic education is very expensive in India. Thus, Illiteracy causes even more unemployment, also brings more poverty. Because of uneducated, people can only work on minimal which cannot support their daily live.
Last but not least, overpopulation will cause scarcity of food. According to an article by World Bank Group, most of the children under the age of four are malnourished, and 30% of newborns are severely underweight, and 60% of women are suffering from anemic. Children often fight for food even if it is only a small piece of bread. Food has become a privilege but basic necessity for people in India.
The India government has taken immediate steps to control the population. Several programs for limiting the population growth have been structured and millions of dollars has been exhausted on controlling the birth rate. Anyhow, some of the programs have been successful, and the rate of growth has also decreased, but has still to reach to the sustainable rate. The government’s emphasis falls on lessening the birth rate.