Laszlo Vass, Ed.D. Version 42-0001-00-01
Lab Report Assistant
This document is not meant to be a substitute for a formal laboratory report. The Lab Report Assistant is simply a summary of the experiment’s questions, diagrams if needed, and data tables that should be addressed in a formal lab report. The intent is to facilitate students’ writing of lab reports by providing this information in an editable file which can be sent to an instructor.
What is the purpose of this exercise?
This exercise is to help re-confirm what was learned throughout the first week of the Anatomy Course Bio235
How to define the differences between Anatomy and Physiology (the structures and functions)
Are there any safety concerns associated with this exercise? If so, list what they are and what precautions should be taken.
There are no significant safety concerns in my opinion, but proper pronunciation of terms and knowing about organs in certain regions of the body, the different systems and how Anatomy is studied is a safe bet.
Exercise 1: Anatomical Position
A. Explain why it is important to have a universally accepted anatomical position when studying the structure of humans.
In my opinion, it is to simply have a standard to go by whether here in the states, or over seas. Movements are easier to see and label, the sagittal, transverse, frontal planes are easier to see, the radius is not crossed over the ulna, and many other reasons. It gives us a reference point by which we can define all movements. If the starting point is the anatomical position, then you can describe any movement or directions of limbs to, say, someone else who will know exactly what you are talking about.
Exercise 2: Surface Anatomy
316611092329000A. Review Figure 3. Complete the table by placing each letter from the figure next to its corresponding body landmark.
Figure 1: Anatomical landmarks Bodfdy Landmark Letter
1. Sural – K dfd2. Popliteal – above K 3. Tarsal - E 4. Calcaneal - L 5. Brachial- F 6. Cranial- A 7. Acromial- H 8. Buccal- NEXT TO B 9. Axillary- C 10. Olecranal- I 11. Occipital- G 12. Lumbar- J B. Mr. Shmelgenbelcher has had a rough day. He woke up with a pain in his cervical region. He fell off his bike and bruised his crural region. He pulled a muscle in his inguinal region and was whacked by a revolving door in his scapular region. Describe where each of these areas of the body is located on poor Mr. Shmelgenbelcher.
Pain in his neck region. Bruised his leg/shin region. Pulled his groin region. Whacked by a revolving door in his Shoulder region.
Exercise 3: Body Orientation
A. Use the directional terms to fill in the blanks.
a. The nose is medial to the ears.
b. The elbow is distal to the shoulder and proximal to the wrist. c. The heart is ventral to the spine.
d. The stomach is inferior to the ribs.
e. The pinky finger is medial to the thumb. f.Muscles are superficial to the skeleton.
g. The mouth is medial and inferior to the ears. h. The brain is cephalic to the spinal cord.
Exercise 4: Body Planes and Sections
In the space below, draw the cut sections of your potato for each of the three body planes:
A. Which of the following organs would not be visible if you cut the body in a mid-sagittal section? Explain below.
a. The brain – The front and back of the Brain would not be visible
b. The stomach- The rectum and Intestines would not be seen because it would be cut in half
c. The heart- Parts of the front and back of the heart would not be visible because the heart is