June 19, 2012
Marilyn ten Hope
The classical Greeks developed three architectural systems, called orders, each with their own distinctive proportions and detailing. The Greek orders are: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric style is rather sturdy and its top meaning the capital, is plain. This style was used in mainland Greece and the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily. The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. Its capital is decorated with a scroll-like design “the voilt” is what many would know it by. This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands. The Corinthian style is seldom used in the Greek world, but often seen on Roman temples. Its capital is very elaborate and decorated with acanthus leaves. The Doric order was use for building the Parthenon that is the temple of Athena Parthenon’s ("Virgin"), Greek goddess of wisdom, on the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon construction began in 447 BC and was completed in 438 BC, although decoration of the Parthenon continue until 432 BC, and despite the enormous damage it has sustained over the centuries, it still communicates the ideals of order and harmony for which Greek architecture is known. It is the most memorable building still surviving of the classical Greek art. Its decorative sculptures are considering some of the high point of Greek art.
Amiens Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral and seat of the Bishop of Amiens. It is situated on a slight ridge overlooking the River Somme in the administrative capital of the Picardy region of France, The cathedral is the tallest complete cathedral in France, its stone-vaulted nave reaching a height of 138.8 ft. The cathedral was built between 1220 and c.1270 and still active until this day. Evidence is scanty (Amount) when it comes to early churches in Amiens, but it is known that there are two places of worship on the present site of Amiens Cathedral, one is dedicated to St. Firmin who is the confessor and the other is to the Virgin Mary. The location is a city/town with a small population in the state/region of Picardie, France which is located in the continent/region of Europe. The affiliation is Roman Catholic, as the region is Picardy. The main leadership of the Amiens is Bishop Jean-Luc Bouillert. Robert of Luzarches, Thomas and Regnault de Cormout were behind the Architect of Amiens Cathedral. The style was made for French gothic. The construction of the Cathedral at this period can be seen as resulting from a coming together of necessity and opportunity. After a fire destroyed the Romanesque cathedral in 1218, planning began immediately for the building worthy to house the head of St. John. The foundation stone was laid in 1220 and the nave was complete by 1236, with only the tops of the cathedral had still remained unfinished. Amiens Cathedral contains the largest medieval interior in the Western Europe, supported by 126 pillars. Both the nave and the chancel are vast but extremely light with considerable amount of stained glass surviving the Amiens Cathedral. The interior and the sculptures throughout the Cathedral is the massive art a cathedral has.
The Parthenon has its unique style as to others. The Parthenon is surrounding by one of a kind art through the inside and outside of the building. As to every sculpture, painting, the colors where use to the pin point detail. The decorative stonework was originally highly colored; the ninety-two mentopes were carved in high relief by a practice employed until then only in treasuries, which was a building to keep votive gifts to the gods. The metopes all describe an individual from the early history of Athens and various myths. The most Characteristic feature in the architecture and decoration of the temple is the Ionic frieze running around the exterior walls. Which was all carved dated back in 442BC-438BC. Another major art work was the Pediments which were mention in the