Essay about Pathophysiology 3 Assign

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Chronic Viral Hepatitis Clinical fact sheet
By Esther Mageto

ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET
Electronic or manual submission

UNIT Pathophysiology and Pharmacology 3

CODE TITLE
NAME OF STUDENT
(Print clearly) FAMILY NAME: MAGETO FIRST NAME: ESTHER
STUDENT ID NO.
10252885

NAME OF LECTURER : Dr. NICK GIBSON
DUE DATE
14TH aPRIL 2014
Topic of assignment: CHRONIC VIRAL HEPATITIS

Group or tutor: RANI BURWOOD

Course: BACHELOR OF SCIENCE NURSING AND MIDWIFERY

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Assignment Title: Chronic Viral Hepatitis

Unit Code and Title: NMS3201 and Applied Pathophysiology and Pharmacology 3

Lecturer: Dr. Nick Gibson

Student Name: Esther Mageto

Student Number: 10252885

Date of Submission: 14th April, 2014

Table of Contents

Introduction………………………………………………………………………..

Aetiology and risk factors………………………………………………………… Pathophysiology………………………………………………………………….. Clinical Manifestations…………………………………………………………… Laboratory and Diagnostic Studies………………………………………………. Treatment………………………………………………………………………… Concept Map…………………………………………………………………….. References……………………………………………………………………….

Introduction

When there is a necro-inflammation occurring in the liver for a period exceeding six months, a disease known as Chronic Viral Hepatitis (CVH) is said to have occurred. This disease is common and affects more than 500 million people worldwide (World Health Organization [WHO], 2012 p. 10). In CVH, the viruses seemingly live and continue to reproduce in the liver for years or even decades until the patients’ immune system is rendered incapable of getting rid of the virus. Ultimately, the virus results in a chronic inflammation of the liver and potentially; cirrhosis, liver failure or hepatocellular cancer. It is also the principle cause for liver transplant in adults worldwide (Rehermann, B. (2013). According to Grossman & Porth (2014), three hepatotropic viruses are responsible for chronic hepatitis; hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and hepatitis delta (HDV). However, HDV depends on the presence of…