Identifying priority health issues: to determine it priority need to consider a number of factors: social justice principles( SED supportive environments, equity, diversity. address inequities in health among cultural subgroups ATSI) priority population groups (Rural Elderly Disabled Socioeconomically disadvantaged ATSI Overseas born) prevalence of a condition (total number of cases) potential for prevention, early intervention( most disease suffered by aussies are result from poor lifestyle behaviors thus easily preventable) costs to individual and community ( disease places an economic and health burden on the individual and community).
Groups experiencing health inequities: REDSAO, ATSI: lower life expectancy at birth( 17 years less than non indig), higher mortality from preventable causes, obesity level double non ind,
Nature and extent of CVD: three forms ( coronary, stroke, peripheral vascualar) Artherosclerosis- build up of fatty matter on artery walls, causing high blood bressure. Arteriosclerosis- hardening of the arterial walls.
Extent of CVD- leading cause of death in AUS, 35% of deaths in AUS, declining in incidence.
Cultural determinants(family history more at risk, ATSI more prone due to low SESand lower education levels)
Economic determinants- low SES higher death rates, low education =poor lifestyle choices.
Environmental determinants- rural areas less access to health info and services.
Cancer- two types, benign ( non cancerous) and malignant (cancerous)
Cancer classification and sites- carcinoma (skin, respitory, urinary tract, gastrointestinal) sarcoma (bones, cartalidge, muscle) leukemia (blood forming organs, bones, liver, spleen) lymphoma (infection fighting organs).
Extent of cancer- prevalence increasing in both sexes, increasing in incidence, 28% of deaths in 2008. Lung cancer is the major cause of cancer related deaths. Cancer mortality rates can be reduced by changes to lifestyle(smoking, diet)
Diabetes- 2 types, type 1 ( insulin dependant, body cant produce its own supply of insulin, usually developed as child) and type 2 ( non insulin dependant, caused