The conflict between America and Japan began in the 1930’s. The dispute began over their differences in opinion about China. Japan attempted to conquer all of China, failed, but still had control of parts of the country. Japan then joined the Axis Alliance with Nazi Germany in 1941 and in 1942, Japan occupied all of Indochina. The presence of Nazi affiliated Japan shook the United States simply because America had “important political and economic interests in East Asia.” In an attempt to strengthen the Chinese military, the United States sent over troops and monetary aid. Also, in an attempt to weaken the Japanese, the United States stopped shipment of oil and other exports that were essential to Japan’s economic stimulation. In response to the ceasement of resourced, Japanese leaders viewed this as a threat and therefore attempt to seize and control resource-rich areas in Southeast Asia though the threat of war with the United States after committing such an act was inevitable. The issue in controlling those areas that were rich in resources was that the Japanese fleets would have to make it past an American fleet of ships based at Pearl Harbor. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was the commander of the Japanese fleet that would invade Southeast Asia came up with a plan to prevent the United States Pacific Fleet that was based at Pearl Harbor. He was going to stage a surprise attack on the base. The attack on Pearl Harbor took months for the Japanese to be fully prepared. The element of surprise would be the most useful in Yamamoto’s attack. Training for aircraft pilots began in the spring of 1941, although the attack didn’t occur until December of that same year. In October of 1941, approval was given to Yamamoto and his staff in order to go through with the attack on Pearl Harbor. The plan was to be sought through by Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo. The attack plan was for six heavy aircraft carriers joined by 24 naval vessels as well as a separate group of submarines with the intent to sink any on coming American ships that evaded the Japanese forces. The Japanese forces assembled undetected in Tankan Bay of the Kurikle Islands on November 26 1941. Avoiding the risk of being seen, the Japanese forces avoided normal shipping lanes and traveled in the North Pacific. Two days after the Japanese had left for the attack on Pearl Harbor, Admiral Kimmel of the United States Marines sent the USS Enterprise to take Marine fighter planes to Wake Island. On the fifth of December, Admiral Kimmel sent the USS Lexington to send 25 scout bombers to Midway Island. The only other carrier that was supposed to be at the base of Pearl Harbor, the USS Saratoga, was sent to the West Coast for maintenance and repairs. Just before the sun rose, United States Naval vessels saw a submarine periscope close to Pearl Harbor’s entrance.The submarine was reportedly sunk and the reports were handled routinely. Just before the sighting of the submarine by United States forces, Japanese forces had just let 181 planes, that consisted of mainly bombers, leave the six carriers that they brought ready for the attack. American forces did register these planes on radar, but they were quickly justified to be part of the American forces that were supposed to be coming that morning. The goal of surprise was achieved by the Japanese due to the fact that the planes were dismissed on the radar and the Japanese forces succeeded in their attempt to have simultaneous attacks on several parts of the base. This was the goal because the Japanese forces were attempting to destroy all enemy planes and battleships before they could be used against them and take down Japanese planes. Seven out of the eight battleships that were stationed at the base were damaged within the first half hour of the attack. Two ships were sank while the remaining five had different degrees of damage. At around 8:30, about an hour and a half after the initial attack, there was a pause in the bombing…
After Pearl Harbor
Japan was a country that came from being nothing to something over the decades and is now an ally with the United States. There was a time when United States and Japan weren’t allies. It happened during WWII when Japan attacks Pearl Harbor. This is when all of United States changes from being neutral during the war to getting involved. United States response to the attack helped a lot from evolving its military and to improving their economy but it also impacted some citizens…
Pearl Harbor/ Bataan
Adam, Julia, Tiffany
Date: December 7,1941
Location: Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
Admiral Husband Kimmel
Major General Walter Short
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
The US placed an embargo on Japan on its steel, scrap metal
and oil supply. This was a threat to Japan's survival.
On Sunday, December 7, 1941, the Japanese fleet arrived at
Pearl Harbor without any sort of notice and attacked.
THE RESPONSE OF
THE UNITED STATES
TO PEARL HARBOR
Teylor Parks, Eldred Eady, Christoph McFadden,
Pearl Harbor: Facts and Events
1899: Pearl Harbor becomes a US naval
February 1933: U.S. Navy stages a mock
attack on Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor fails
1 September 1939: World War I begins.
May 1940: Pearl Harbor is now the main
base of the US fleet.
7 December 1941: The Empire of Japan
launches a sneak attack on Pearl Harbor.
Nearly 3,000 Americans perish.
On the morning of December 7, 1941, at an hour when many of the American soldiers stationed at Pearl Harbor were still sound asleep, Everett Hyland was standing on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania, when a 500-lb. bomb appeared out of nowhere and struck the ship. The bomb exploded not far from Hyland, throwing him into the air and slamming him face-first into the ground. His hands and face were severely burned as he lay sprawled on the flaming deck. Yet, compared to the other members of the squad…
“On Sunday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, The United States was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” President Roosevelt.
Japan had been at war with China known as the Second Sino-Japanese War. Japan’s emperor conquest for eastern China raged on and would be the stepping stones for War World II in the Pacific. China endured the worst of the Japan’s army with the bombing of Shanghai and the infamous rape of Nanking…
September 22, 2013
The Attack on Pearl Harbor
“I was scared to death.… In four years at sea I sat through seventy eight air attacks, but nothing was as frightening as the attack on Pearl Harbor.”
—John P. Taylor, a sailor in the U.S Navy
On the morning of December 7th, we had just come from the, eating breakfast in the dining hall, walked out in the street, and looked up, and here comes a Japanese plane flying and shooting down through the area, and we stood there…
Black, oily smoke billowed from U.S. ships as Japanese pilots dropped whistling bombs and submarines shot whirring torpedoes at the helpless unsuspecting ships docked at Pearl Harbor. Although the U.S. naval and air forces were paralyzed through the bombing of Pearl Harbor, it may be possible that the attacks could have been prevented.
World War II began on September 1, 1939 when Nazi Germany invaded Poland. World War II was the largest armed conflict in history, involving more countries than any…
T R 9:40-11:05
On December 7, 1941, one of the largest attacks on the United States occurred. Small mistakes that the Japanese made before the attack could have led to a better American defense, but the United States was too ignorant and too proud to think that Japan would attack Pearl Harbor. This surprise attack caught the United States off guard completely and weren’t given a chance to defend themselves. About three thousand five hundred people were…
Pearl Harbor & 9/11
TSA Associates Program
HLS 103 SP 2015
Essex County College
Robert E. Dinsmore Adjunct Professor
As odd as it may seem 9/11 & Pearl Harbor have some striking similarities in respect not only to intelligence, but also the way the US has perceived world events in relation to our own interests. In order to understand the failures we need to examine the way the various intelligence organizations involved operated.
In the time leading up to the…