Pedagogy V Andragogy Essays

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Pages: 10

Consider the differences between the way in which children and adults learn


In this assignment, I intend to consider the possible differences between the way in which children and adults learn. For instance, Piaget believed there to be schemes with four distinct stages of cognitive development. Between birth and the time a child is ready for school, he/she will pass through two of the four stages. These stages are the Sensorimotor Stage and the Preoperational Stage. Alternatively, it could be argued that our parents, teachers, and society as a whole condition us, to learn in a particular way, to take our place in society. This, then in the words of Freire is:

"the banking concept of education, in which the scope of
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Although Piaget's developmental stages of learning are considered a major contribution to teaching and learning, educators and curriculum developers do not always take these stages into account when designing curriculum and learning experiences for young children. If children are to learn and be literate, educators must choose appropriate content and experiences to match children's cognitive capacities at different stages of their development. Therefore, as I suggested in my introduction, the way in which children learn is possibly pre-conditioned by their teachers, to conform to society's norms and are therefore taught accordingly. Therefore:

"The goal of the education of children is not only to teach them, more or less intellectual knowledge, nor only to teach them virtues in the sense of honesty, courage, etc. The functions of any individual, within society, go far beyond the above mentioned: they must learn to work and to consume within the norms demanded by the means of production and the consumption patterns of their group and the society in which they live." (Fromm, '58)

Therefore, this would suggest that we are taught to know our place in society.

Adult learning: Andragogy

Andragogy was initially defined as the art and science of helping adults learn. This has taken on a broader meaning since Knowles (84) redefined the term. The term currently defines an alternative to pedagogy and refers to learner-focused education for