Essay about Pelvis and Bones

Submitted By typericer
Words: 661
Pages: 3

Your Bone Practical (basically two lab quizzes combined) is on Wednesday, May 1st. The bone practical will also include integumentary system.
You will know and be able to identify the bones (underlined and bold) and markings, cavities, sutures, and other structures (in italics) of the human skeleton that are listed below. You may find this web site helpful. http://www.lumen.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/GrossAnatomy/learnem/bones/main_bone.htm, i. Bones of the Axial Skeleton {80 bones} A. Skull [28 bones] 1. Cranium: Cranial Bones (8 bones): a. cavities: nasal cavity, oral cavity, orbit b. sutures: sagittal, coronal, lambdoidal, squamosal (or squamous) c. infant skull, fontanels (or fontanelles): anterior (frontal) fontanel, posterior (occipital) fontanel, mastoid (posterolateral) fontanel, sphenoid (anterolateral) fontanel Frontal bone (1) frontal sinus, supraorbital foramen Parietal bones (2) Occipital bone (1) foramen magnum, occipital condyle Temporal bones (2) mastoid process, styloid process, zygomatic process, carotid canal, external auditory (acoustic) meatus, jugular foramen, mandibular fossa Auditory ossicles (6): Malleus (2) Incus (2) Stapes (2) Sphenoid bone (1) optic canal, superior orbital fissure, sella turcica (hypophyseal fossa of sphenoid bone) Ethmoid bone (1) cribriform plate, crista galli 2. Face: Facial bones (14 bones): a. important structures: zygomatic arch, nasal septum, hard palate b. teeth: incisors, canines, premolars, molars Palatine bones (2) Zygomatic bones (2) temporal process, zygomatic arch Lacrimal bones (2) Nasal bones (2) Vomer bone (1) Maxilla (2) palatine process Inferior Nasal Conchae (2) Mandible (1) mental foramen, mandibular condyle

b. Hyoid bone [1]

C. Vertebral Column [26 bones] Intervertebral disks 4 curvatures: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral Vertebrae: spinous process, superior & inferior articular processes, intervertebral discs, transverse process, transverse costal facets, vertebral body (centrum), vertebral foramen, intervertebral foramen. Cervical Vertebrae (7 bones)
Atlas (1st vertebra), transverse ligament, transverse foramen
Axis (2nd vertebra), dens (odontoid process)
Vertebra prominens (7th vertebra)
Thoracic Vertebrae (12 bones) Lumbar Vertebrae (5 bones)
Sacrum (1 fused bone) body of sacral vertebra, sacral foramen, sacral canal, median sacral crest, sacral hiatus, sacroiliac joint Coccyx (1 fused bone)

D. Thoracic Cage [25 bones] Costal cartilage Ribs (24 bones or 12 pairs) head (capitulum), neck, tubercle (tuberculum), shaft (body) true ribs, vertebrosternal ribs: 1-7 false ribs, vertebrochondral ribs: 8-10 floating ribs: 11-12 Sternum (1 bone) manubrium, body (gladiolus), xiphoid process, clavicular notch (articulation), jugular notch

Ii. Bones of the Appendicular Skeleton {126 bones}

A. Upper Limbs [60 bones] Humerus (2) head, neck, greater tubercle, lesser tubercle, intertubercular sulcus, deltoid tuberosity, medial and lateral epicondyles, capitulum, trochlea, coronoid fossa, olecranon fossa Radius (2) head, neck, radial tuberosity, styloid process Ulna (2) head, olecranon…