Essay on Perfct Family

Submitted By alharadi
Words: 3963
Pages: 16

9/7/12

PART 2 MEDIA AND PROCESSES

Chapter 2.1

Drawing

Copyright © 2011 Thames & Hudson

Chapter 2.1 Drawing

PART 2 MEDIA AND PROCESSES

Introduction
 Drawing—defined as the depiction of shapes and forms on a surface, primarily by means of lines—is a fundamental artistic skill  Even before we learn to write, we learn to draw  Drawing provides a primal outlet for artistic energy and ideas  Artists draw for many reasons
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To define their ideas To plan for larger projects To resolve design issues in preparatory sketches To record their visual observations

Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, M. Kathryn Shields

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9/7/12

2.1 Leonardo da Vinci, Drawing for a wing of a flying machine, from the Codice Atlantico, fol. 858r. Pen and ink. Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan, Italy

Chapter 2.1 Drawing

PART 2 MEDIA AND PROCESSES

Leonardo da Vinci, Drawing for a wing of a flying machine
 Leonardo considered whether humans might also be able to fly if the mechanics of a bird’s wing were recreated on a human scale  His drawing of a flying machine illustrates a concept that had never been considered in this way before  Drawing provided Leonardo with a way to express his ideas beyond what could be said in words

Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, M. Kathryn Shields

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9/7/12

2.2 Leonardo da Vinci, Studies of the foetus in the womb, c. 1510–13. Pen and ink and wash over red chalk and traces of black chalk, 12 x 8¾”. Royal Collection, England

Chapter 2.1 Drawing

PART 2 MEDIA AND PROCESSES

Leonardo da Vinci, Studies of the foetus in the womb
 Drawings like this are rare because the Church banned all acts that desecrated the body, including dissection  Leonardo may have been allowed to record his observations because he practiced his drawing methodically and with great care  Some speculate that the Church was interested in Leonardo’s observations as possible evidence of how the human soul resides in the body
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, M. Kathryn Shields

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9/7/12

Chapter 2.1 Drawing

PART 2 MEDIA AND PROCESSES

Functions of Drawing
 All artists draw for the same reasons as Leonardo: as an end in itself, to think, and to prepare and plan other works  Drawing played an essential role in Raphael’s planning of his fresco The School of Athens

Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, M. Kathryn Shields

2.3a Raphael, Cartoon for The School of Athens, c. 1509. Charcoal and chalk, 9’4¼” × 26’4⅝”. Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan, Italy

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2.3b Raphael, The School of Athens, 1510–11. Fresco, 16’8” × 25’. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican City

Chapter 2.1 Drawing

PART 2 MEDIA AND PROCESSES

Gateway to Art:

Raphael, The School of Athens Drawing in the Design Process
 Raphael’s preliminary drawings allowed him to refine his ideas and perfect the image at a smaller scale
• The artist began the painting process by creating a large drawing of the work • This design, called the cartoon, was perforated with small pinholes all along where the lines were drawn • It was then positioned on the wall where Raphael intended to paint the work, and powdered charcoal dust was forced through the small holes in the cartoon s surface • The impression left behind would aid Raphael in drawing the image onto the wall
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, M. Kathryn Shields

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9/7/12

Chapter 2.1 Drawing

PART 2 MEDIA AND PROCESSES

The Materials of Drawing: Dry Media
 Dry media offer the artist some unique and versatile properties

Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, M. Kathryn Shields

Chapter 2.1 Drawing

PART 2 MEDIA AND PROCESSES…