Personality: Psychology and Childhood Identical Twins Essay

Submitted By sashie
Words: 530
Pages: 3

There are many psychological theories of personality, such as psycho-analytic, behavioral and social-learning, trait and psychodynamic theories and many others. In my opinion biological and humanistic theories are some of the most discussed and widely applied in practice, that is why it is important and topical to compare these two theories, describe what the significant ideas of them are and discuss their strong and weak points.
Biological approach to the formation of personality is based on the belief that the main factor which influences our personality is genetics. The biological theorists suggest that there is a link between the genetics and personality traits and behavior. Nevertheless biology is not able to play the direct role in personality, it is evident that the way we look affects the formation of personality, i.e. the way we feel as adults depends much on what we see in the mirror during our life time, especially as children and teens, and how other people evaluate it; and that is determined by the system of our genes (such physical characteristics as eye color, height, body type, etc.)(Bates, Wachs, 1994). Another factor that influences our personality much is our temperament. custom writing
The scientists found out that temperament doesn’t change much during one’s lifetime. Moreover there is an idea of inherited intelligence, which is though partially correct (on the reason that environment is responsible for our mental abilities as well), may not be ignored. Research work on the life and habits of the separated in their childhood identical twins (who had similar mental and psychological characteristics as adults) proved that. Many biological theorists also suggest that a large number of mental disorders (including depression, anxiety) are tightly connected with the inherited genes (Bates, Wachs, 1994).
One of the most well-known and most discussed biological theorists working on this theory was the British psychologist Hans Eysenck. His main idea is that there are certain genetic differences between people in psychological functioning, which make some of them more vulnerable to behavioral conditioning. Thus, introverted people have higher levels of psychological arousal, while extraverts have…