SPC 120 Online7
March 7, 2015
Type of Speech: Persuasive
Title/Topic: Avoid becoming a heavy drinker
General Purpose: To persuade audience to avoid heavy drinking
I am going to talk about how heavy drinking can affect negatively on people’s lives socially, physically, and mentally.
Is alcohol bad for you? Alcohol can benefit to your health if you drink moderate amount. However, if you drink heavily, it can harm your health. Many people know that heavy drinking is bad, but still some people won’t stop. Once you start drinking heavily, it is hard to stop; it is too addictive. Now there are too many people in the world who drink and die. If this increases every day, one day everybody in the world would be drunk! To stop this from increasing, you must stop drinking first. I have some reasons and supporting for this.
A. Trends in heavy/binge drinking in the United States
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than half of the adults in U.S. population drank alcohol in the past 30 days. Approximately 5% of the total population drank heavily, while 17% of the population binge drank. from 2006–2010, there were approximately 88,000 deaths annually attributable to excessive alcohol use. In fact, excessive alcohol use is the 3rd leading lifestyle-related cause of death for people in the United States each year.
B. Statistics about heavy/binge drinking
C. Definitions of heavy drinking heavy drinking is defined as drinking 15 or more drinks per week for men or 8 or more drinks per week for women and binge drinking is considered as drinking 5 or more drinks on an occasion for men or 4 or more drinks on an occasion for women.
Now, I will talk about
A. How drinking alcohol affect peoples’ body
University of Maryland medical center provides lots of complications of heavy drinking.
Drinking too much alcohol affects many parts of the body. It can be especially harmful to the liver which is the organ that breaks down alcohol and other harmful substances. People who drink heavily for a long time can develop severe swelling and pain and diseases such as liver inflammation (alcoholic hepatitis) or severe liver scarring (cirrhosis). These alcohol-related liver disease can eventually cause death.
Alcohol not broken down by the liver goes to the rest of the body, including the brain. Alcohol can reach the brain within one minute and affect parts of the brain that control movement, speech, judgment, and memory. These effects lead to the familiar signs of drunkenness: difficulty walking, slurred speech, memory lapses, and impulsive behavior. Long-term heavy drinking can shrink the parts of the brain, which impairs thinking skills resulting in memory loss and other symptoms of dementia.
Heavy drinking -- either all at once or over time -- can damage the heart. It makes platelets more likely to clump together into blood clots which can lead to heart attack or stroke. Long-term alcohol use can also result in high blood pressure, which increases a person's risk of heart disease and lower the contraction forces of the heart, and may contribute to congestive heart failure.
Heavy drinking can cause a form of nerve damage known as alcoholic neuropathy, which can produce a muscle weakness, incontinence, constipation, and other problems.
An immune system weakened by chronic heavy drinking has a hard time fighting off viruses, germs, and all types of illness. Heavy drinkers are more likely to get pneumonia then the general population.
Heavy drinking inflames lining of the stomach and cause bleeding and ulcers.
Also, it causes inflammation on the lining of the pancreas and cause pain.
Heavy drinking has a toxic effect on the lining of the small intestine, the major area of food absorption. It decreases absorption of certain nutrients.
Chronic alcohol consumption cause several forms of cancer, including cancers of the