Phil 201 Study Guide Lesson 10 Essay

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Study Guide: Lesson 10
What is Knowledge?

Lesson Overview

With this lesson, we begin a new unit on epistemology, which is the philosophical study of knowledge claims. In this first lesson on epistemology, we begin by examining the question “What do we mean when we say we know something?” What exactly is knowledge? We will begin with a presentation that introduces the traditional definition of knowledge. Wood then discusses some of the basic issues raised in the study of epistemology and then presents an approach to epistemology that focuses on obtaining the intellectual virtues, a point we will elaborate on in the next lesson.


View and take notes of the presentation, “What is Knowledge?” * Describe the 3 different
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---The intellectual virtues regulate the manner in which we think about these important matters.---INFLUENCES WHAT WE COUNT AS EVIDENCE ALONG WITH ITS SIGNIFICANCE FOR US * 31 Is everyone called to pursue intellectual virtues? YES


Make sure you can explain the following terms and concepts:

* 10 Epistemology- BRANCH DEDICATED TO REFLECTING ON OUR LIVES AS INTELLECTUAL BEINGS * Knowledge by Acquaintance- •Knowledge as Acquaintance: “I know Bill.” “I know where the mall is.” •Knowledge as Competency: “I know French.” “ “I know how to play canasta.” •Knowledge as Truth Claims: “I know that Kennedy was president of the United States in 1962.” –Also called “propositional knowledge” Epistemology is concerned with this third type * Knowledge as Competency * Propositional Knowledge- K AS TRUTH CLAIMS * Traditional Definition of Knowledge | * Belief- ANY COGNITIVE