Philosophy and Greek Word ‘philosophia Essay

Submitted By archie999
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What is Philosophy?
Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence especially when considered as an academic discipline. Philosophy is also a set of views and theories of a particular philosopher concerning such study or an aspect of it. Philosophy comes from the Greek word ‘philosophia’ which means ‘our love of wisdom. We use philosophy in our everyday lives from such simple questions like ‘is it going to rain today?’ ‘What am I going to wear today?’ and more difficult questions like ‘what’s the meaning of life?’ ‘Is there a god?’ ‘What is goodness?’ ‘What is evil?’ ‘What is the value of morals?’ and many deeper questions we can’t really answer for ourselves.
There are 6 major areas of philosophy which cover different aspects. They are: * Epistemology: Epistemology is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge, such as the relationships between truth, belief, and theories of justification * Metaphysics: Metaphysics is the study of the most general features of reality, such as existence, time, the relationship between mind and body, objects and their properties, wholes and their parts, events, processes, and causation. Traditional branches of metaphysics include cosmology, the study of the world in its entirety, and ontology, the study of being. * Moral and political philosophy: Ethics or "moral philosophy", is concerned primarily with the question of the best way to live, and secondarily, concerning the question of whether this question can be answered. * Logics: Logic is the study of the principles of correct reasoning. Arguments use either deductive reasoning or inductive reasoning. * Aesthetics: Aesthetics deals with beauty, art, enjoyment, sensory-emotional values, perception, and matters of taste and sentiment. * Philosophy of religion: Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science
The 3 major philosophers for which we know of are: * Aristotle: Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theatre, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. * Socrates: Socrates was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher and is most famous for his disputes in western