November 19, 2012
C. Wayne Mayhill
Student Jeremy D. Adams
Philosophy is the general study of fundamental and social problems. Upon taking the What is Philosophy? Performance Aid this author discovered that he is a moral type of philosopher. There are many different types of philosophical outlooks; these include epistemology, moral, metaphysics, social, political, structuralism, deconstruction, eastern, postcolonial, feminism.
Epistemology is the study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge especially with reference to its limits and validity. Moral is the study of human conduct and values ("Merriam Webster", 2012). Metaphysics is the study of the fundamental nature of all reality, what is it, why is it, and how are we can understand it (Austin, 2012). Social philosophy attends to comprehend the patterns and nuances, changes and behaviors of societies. Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions concerning the social or communal life of human beings ("Merriam Webster", 2012). Structuralism is a theoretical paradigm that emphasizes that elements of culture must be understood in terms of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure. Deconstruction is a philosophical and critical movement, starting in the 1960s and especially applied to the study of literature, that questions all traditional assumptions about the ability of language to represent reality and emphasizes that a text has no stable reference or identification because words essentially only refer to other words and therefore a reader must approach a text by eliminating any metaphysical or ethnocentric assumptions through an active role of defining meaning, sometimes by a reliance on new word construction, etymology, puns, and other word play ("Dictionary.com", 2012). Eastern philosophy refers very broadly to the various philosophies of many different Middle Eastern countries. This includes India, Iran, China, Japan, and Korea ("Eastern Philosophy", 2012). Postcolonial is the study of the legacy of the era of European, and sometimes American, direct global domination, which ended roughly in the mid-20th century, and the residual political, socio-economic, and psychological effects of that colonial history. Feminism is the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.
There are many different types of approaches to the philosophical questions. What is moral judgment? And what is morally right and wrong. These are some of the questions that we may ask ourselves. Although there may be several different opinions on what is moral right. Individuals with a strong belief normally seem to disagree with someone if that person does not believe in the same morals. Conflict normally occurs when two different parties argue or negotiate their positions from different moral approaches, for these different moral approaches are not convincing to one another. People may be persuaded to change their minds only when a stronger position is raised within their own moral approach. The different moral approaches are the principle, consequences, virtue/character, and moral sentiment approaches (O'toole, 2006.)
Culture is significant when it comes to our beliefs in philosophy. It nurtures our thought process. Likewise, as we comprehend and become influenced by many philosophical inquiries, we tend to compare it with our in-bred thoughts. Our thoughts may have…