1. Important concepts: * Positive and negative duties (in an abortion case) * Negative duties – avoid actions that inflict harm or injury on other * Positive duties – certain actions that aid or benefit others * Negative duties take precedent over positive duties when in conflict * Obligation (in an abortion case) * Rachels: * Does the third party (doctor) have the right to abort the fetus? * Nobody is morally required to make large sacrifices, of health, of all other interests and concerns, of all other duties and commitments, for nine years, or even for nine months to keep another person alive * Marquis: * Have same moral obligation to fetus as we have to the mother; obligated to let live * Just (in an abortion case) * Doctor is justified in performing an abortion when nothing can be done to save the lives of both child and mother, but the life of the mother can be saved by killing the child * The right to life consists not of the right not to be killed unjustly * If not killing unjustly, then not violating right to life * Active euthanasia and passive euthanasia * Active euthanasia – means taking some positive action designed to kill the patient * Passive euthanasia- means refraining from doing anything to keep the patient alive * Women’s Rights * National Organization for Women Bill of Rights * Equal rights constitutional amendment * Enforce law banning sex discrimination in employment * Maternity leave right in employment and social security benefits * Tax deduction for home and childcare expenses for working parents * Childcare center – unsegregated education * Equal job training opportunities and allowances for women in poverty * Right of women to control their reproductive lives * The tragedy of marriage – for women, marriage and child-bearing are essentially incompatible with their subjectivity and freedom * Does not fail to assure woman the promised happiness * Mutilates her * Dooms her to repetition and routine – bound to a man and child with virtually finished life * The welfare rights of distant people (Negative and positive rights) * Negative right – a right not to be interfered with in some specific manner * Positive right – right to receive some specific goods or services * Lifeboat ethics - * Defensive Gun Uses (DGUs) – private citizens use their guns to scare off trespassers and fend off assaults * A moral approach – approach that issues in prescription such as “do this” and “don’t do that” * Addresses what are acceptable to everyone affected by them * Questions about morality – good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice * Understand nature of morality and what it requires of us to understand how we ought to live and why * Sexism (Philosophers against family) * Literal: unfair discrimination * Philosophical: discrimination * Crime and Justice * Crime is difficult to eradicate because it serves the needs of offenders and non-offenders alike; motives of offenders and non-offenders are quite similar * Must find better ways to enable people to realize their goals * Punishment is vengeful response that does not work b/c crume is an illness requiring treatment by psychiatrists and psychologists * Vengeful punishment itself is a crime * Means and end (Kant) * Law obliges one to treat humanity – understood as a rational agency, and represented through oneself as well as others – as an end in itself rather than as means to other ends the individual might hold.Humanity is the end * Difference between us and animals is that humanity is our end * Moral means and ends can be applied to the categorical imperative, that rational beings can pursues…
Mid Term Exam
What do Clear and Cole suggest about the complexities and constraints of bureaucracies. Do they serve as a check on the abuse of state power? Or not?
Lipsky talks about the bureaucratic model of organization. What does he believe bureaucracies can do? Do they guarantee that services are delivered only up to a point and that goals are not typically achieved?
When we are thinking about society and how it is defined, are the actions it does or does not…
International Relations Study Guide:
Hume’s views about casual reasoning and induction
1. Why does Hume hold that knowledge of causal relations is necessary for increasing our knowledge of matters of fact beyond what we can know just by present perception and memory? (Use examples)
* Hume states that even though everyone may not agree, if there’s truth behind present perception and personal recollection, everyone would agree that only a small percentage of what we take ourselves to know…
towards God. It has been defined as "devotional service to Bhagavan (God) with no other motivations than simply to please the Supreme Lord
Bhagavad Gita- It is part of “Mahabharata”, a Hindu epic that is considered a very important part of Hindu philosophy and literature. For Hindus, the Bhagavad Gita is a source of wisdom and the truth. The word “bhagavad” means God and the word “gita” means song. Literally, Bhagavad Gita refers to the “song of God”. Conversation between Krishna and a prince before…
Frankenstein study guide
1. Shelley provides the reader with Frankenstein's childhood. She brings in his parent's background and explains the relation of Elizabeth.
2. They are from a respected family and they are loving toward each other and toward their children.
3. Victor is curious of how things work and why things are the way they are, he is a questioner searching for answers , while Elizabeth does not care about the inner working and meanings, just how the outside appears…
Study guide questions
1) In my opinion children should learn values in elementary school. I think this because a child spends most of his or her time at school and they are put in situations around others that they will need to learn and practice things like sharing and honesty. Although the teacher would be teaching instead of the parent, the values they would be learning would be beneficial to the child and if the parents don’t like these values then they can teach their child when they get…
A Framework for Human Resource Management
925 North Spurgeon Street, Santa Ana, CA 92701
Phone: 714-547-9625 Fax: 714-547-5777
Seventh Edition, 2013
BAM 411 Human Resource Management
elcome to California Coast University. I hope you will find this course
interesting and useful throughout your career.
This course was designed to meet the…
Study Guide for World Lit. Exam 2
1. What does Beowulf mean when he says that an undoomed man can escape death in battle if his courage is good?
If you are undoomed you might be able to escape death if you fight well in battle. If you don’t fight well or bravely you still have a possibility of death. If you are doomed, no matter how you fight you’re going to die.
2. In what ways is the code by which Beowulf fights like the Greek heroic code and different?
The Greek heroic code involves…
When: Thursday, the 26th Day of September, 2013, 3:00pm – 4:15pm Where: The same location our class normally meets
What to bring: Your ASU Student ID, for when you hand in your exam &
An Exam book (blue book or green book) available at the bookstore &
A Scan-tron form (bubble-in forms) available at the bookstore & TWO number 2 pencils for filling in the scantron form &
A blue or black ink pen (optional – pencil ok), for your exam book. I will not have…
CHAPTER 1 STUDY GUIDE
1. In ancient cultures, the concept of victim was connected to:
a. the notion of sacrifice.
b. receiving payment for injuries.
d. natural disasters.
2. Which of the following correctly describes the relationship between victimology and criminology?
a. Victimology encompasses several sub-disciplines, including criminology.
b. Victimology can be considered an area of specialization within criminology.