Philosophy Through the Ages Essay examples

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Philosophy through the Ages

Moral Philosophy
Moral Philosophy is the area of philosophy concerned with the theories of ethics, and how we should live our lives.

Hellenistic Period
Usually used to mean the spread of
Greek culture to non Greek lands conquered by Alexander the great in the 4th century BC

Aristotle (384 BC- 322
BC)






First philosopher to write and openly criticize literature, politics, ethics, and science. His theory is that there were four causes for everything in existence
Believed that everyone seeks happiness.

The Modern Period
The modern period of philosophy generally corresponds to the 19th and 20th century.

Charles Sanders Pierce


He was a 20th Century American philosopher, logician, mathematician and scientist.



He believed that any truth, even proven scientific facts, is necessarily provisional and that the truth of any proposition cannot be certain but only probable.



He believed in God, not as a actual or existing being, but as the same as a real being.

Contemporary
Structuralism is a 20th century intellectual movement and approach to human sciences, that attempts to analyze a specific field as a complex system of interrelated parts.

John Rawls






Believed that there were two principles of justice Each person is to have an equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with a similar liberty for others.
Social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both reasonably expected to be to everyone's advantage and attached to positions and offices open to all.

Summary












Values are the principle beliefs that guide our moral compass.
They us to develop a clear sense of what is important. Honesty, integrity, and caring are just a few examples of values
Together, this builds the foundation of Moral
Philosophy
Aristotle…