Phl320 R2 Critical Thinking Ch01a Essay

Submitted By Kaimine
Words: 1749
Pages: 7

The Basics!
Chapter 1: First of Three
Parts

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

1

When you try to support or prove a claim, you give a what?

• An argument

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

2

The part of an argument you try to support is called the what?

• The conclusion

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

3

The part that does the supporting is?

• The premise (or premises)

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

4

An argument can have how many conclusions?
A. One only
B. More than one

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

5

How many premises can an argument have?
A. One only
B. More than one

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

6

“Carl would like to help out, but he won't be in town. So we'll have to find someone else who owns a truck.”
Is this an argument?
A.Yes
B.No

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

7

“Carl would like to help out, but he won't be in town. So we'll have to find someone else who owns a truck.”
What’s the conclusion?
A.First sentence
B.Second sentence

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

8

“The Directory of Intentional Communities lists more than two hundred groups across the country organized around a wide variety of purposes, including environmentally aware living.” Argument?
A.Yes
B.No

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

9

“Fears that chemicals in teething rings and soft plastic toys may cause cancer may be justified. Last week, the Consumer Product
Safety Commission issued a report confirming that low amounts of DEHP, known to cause liver cancer in lab animals, may be absorbed from certain infant products.”

Argument?
A.Yes
B.No

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

10

“Can it be established that genetic humanity is sufficient for moral humanity? I think there are very good reasons for not defining the moral community in this way.”

Argument?
A.Yes
B.No

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

11

“Was Bush a good president? Heck yeah!
He was great! If you don’t know that, your parents must be brother and sister.”

Arg?
A.Yes
B.No

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

12

“Computers will never be able to converse intelligently through speech. A simple example proves this is so. The sentences
‘How do you recognize speech?’ and ‘How do you wreck a nice beach?’ have entirely different meanings, but they sound similar enough that a computer could not distinguish
Argument?
the two.”

A.Yes
B.No
© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

13

“Computers will never be able to converse intelligently through speech. A simple example proves this is so. The sentences
‘How do you recognize speech?’ and ‘How do you wreck a nice beach?’ have entirely different meanings, but they sound similar enough that a computer could not distinguish
What
is the conclusion of this argument? the two.”

A.The first sentence
B.The second sentence
C.The third sentence
© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

14

“Will hot water freeze faster than cold water?
A lot of people have that idea, but they are wrong. Cold water freezes faster than hot water.” What sentence contains the conclusion?
A.The first sentence
B.The second sentence
C.The third sentence
© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

15

?
© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

16

Ha! It isn’t an argument!
“Will hot water freeze faster that cold water? A lot of people have that idea, but they are wrong. Cold water freezes faster than hot water.”

© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

17

“Who do I think will win American Idol next time? Not Fred Thompson.”
What sentence contains the conclusion?
A.The second sentence
B.The third sentence
C.This isn’t an argument.
© 2012 McGraw-Hill Higher…