March 6 2013
CHAPTER 4 SUMMARY
Phycology has so many different fields and divisions in it. One of the main ones is consciousness and all the different states of it. At the beginning the author firmly lays out that he believes consciousness is “without question” one of the most important characteristics that humans all have in common. Just like any field in phycology, there are many different views on consciousness. Freud has stated that the conscious mind not as important as the unconscious mind. Some psychologists have even said that the state of consciousness should be let go. Even though both of these views do not think that consciousness is a valid part of phycology, many philologists believe that it should be and is a major part. Consciousness is something that every person experiences as soon as he or she are born but is still difficult to totally wrap our minds around. There is many different layers of consciousness and can be hard to define. The most basic layer would be sleep, but even the simplest level is complex. Sleep consists of REM, the state where dreams most likely occur, and many other stages through the entirety of the sleep. Another state of consciousness that is broadly studied is hypnosis. When someone is hypnotized, they still respond to their environment but their focus is completely on the instructor. From a Christian view, hypnosis is a very argued subject. Faw states that he believes that in Genesis 2:21 God makes Adam unconscious and takes out one of his ribs. This could be referred to as hypnosis. I personally do not think God would use hypnosis. He is the God of all things and His ways are something we can never fully understand. Hypnosis, along with dreams, could be the key to a more accurate understanding of our conscious and unconscious. Even if they do not, they both have something that can help us better understand phycology and the way we think.
March 6 2013
CHAPTER 5 SUMMARY In phycology there are two main ways of learning: classical conditioning and opulent conditioning. Ivan Pavlov first found out classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is learning by association. In one of his experiments he used dogs and associated their food with a bell. Teaching them that the bell means food, thus having the dogs salivate every time they hear the bell. The other one is opulent conditioning. It…