Partner: Lindsay Marston
Experiment 6: The Oscilloscope
February 27, 2015
Lab Section: Friday 0900 – 1200
The oscilloscope is a tool used to measure the speed of sound. Because the speed of sound changes frequently and quickly, we cannot use a normal digital meter. The oscilloscope is sensitive enough to read the electrical signals given by sound and display the pattern made by that electrical signal.
We followed the procedure given in the manual, however we did not calculate the voltage values. Otherwise, no changes were made to this experiment.
The data obtained:
Part A: Period and Frequency
% D (period)
Tuning Fork 1
Frequency 2 = 480Hz
Period 1 = 2.08ms
Tuning Fork 2
Frequency 2 = 512Hz
Period 2 = 1.95ms
For the values given above, we use the following equations or use the following equipment:
1. Sweep rate: given by the oscilloscope
2. Divisions: divisions are the number of boxes displayed on the oscilloscope. Depending on the pattern, we calculate the amount of boxes one cycle covered.
3. Period (theoretical): Our theoretical period is calculated by multiplying the divisions with the sweep rate:
a. (3.2)(.20ms) = 0.64ms
4. Period (experimental): the oscilloscope gives this data, by measuring the cursors.
5. Frequency is given from either the oscilloscope or the tuning forks.
6. Percent discrepancy uses the following:
a. [(Period(exp) – Period(theo))/Period(theo)] x 100
b. [(4.04 – 4.00)/4.00] x 100 = 1%
Part B: Speed of Sound
Sweep rate = 1ms/div
Microphone Distance (cm +/- 0.1)
Time Delay (ms +/- .001)
1. What is the speed of sound from your graph? What is the percent