Physical Violence Against Emergency Nurses: A Critical Analysis

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Violence, both physical and verbal, is becoming an endemic problem in our Emergency Departments. Workplace violence ranges from offensive or threatening language to homicide and is defined by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) as violent acts, including physical assaults and threats of assaults, directed towards persons at work or on duty. To help understand the potential effects of workplace violence on the emergency nurse, a critical analysis of a journal article was undertaken. The journal article is titled Stressful Incidents of Physical Violence Against Emergency Nurses. Gordon Lee Gillespie, PhD, RN, FAEN, Donna M. Gates, EdD, RN, FAAN and Peggy Berry, MSN, RN authored this journal article, which appeared in the Online …show more content…
The study population was 30,000 emergency nurses who were members of the Emergency Nurses Association. Three thousand random nurses were selected to participate, and 177 nurses responded for a 5.9% response rate (Gillespie, Gates, & Berry, 2013). The respondents submitted a narrative description of all workplace violence (both physical and verbal) they encountered over the previous few weeks and were required to recount a single event which caused them the most stress and describe it. At this point, the authors may have elected to expand and define the criteria for the narrative description. For the conceptual framework of this study, the authors chose to base it on the Ecological Health Model of Workplace Assault (Gillespie et al., 2013). This model has four concepts, which were applied to the study: personal worker factors; aggressor factors; workplace factors; and assault situation. Each concept contained factors, which were customized and curtailed to the setting and population of an emergency