Physiology Study Guide Essay example

Submitted By oleson15
Words: 663
Pages: 3

Match the term on the left with its description on the right. Only one description is intended for each term. 1. 2. Ribosome 3. Cytoskeleton 4. Centriole 5. Nucleus 6. Mitochondrion 7. Chloroplast 8. ER 9. Golgi body 10. Peroxisome Match the term on the left with its definition. 11. 12. Osmolarity 13. Hydrostatic pressure 14. Osmotic pressure 15. Hypertonic solution 16. Hypotonic solution 17. Pinocytosis 18. phagocytosis 19. What protein typically lines the pits for endocytosis? a. 20. What form of Active transport does not directly use ATP? b. 21. The resting membrane potential in human cells range is: c. 22. Noncoding segments of DNA are called

Match the type of RNA to its function. 23. 24. Messenger RNA (mRNA) 25. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) 26. Transfer RNA (tRNA) Match the tissue to its ability to regenerate. 27. 28. Epithelial 29. Bone 30. Smooth muscle 31. Cardiac muscle 32. Which of the primary germ layers is responsible for forming nervous tissue? d. 33. Which primary germ layer is responsible for forming muscle and connective tissues?

Match the skin barrier type to the example 34. e. Chemical barrier f. Physical barrier g. Biological barrier

Match the characteristic to the type of skin cancer. 35. h. Basal cell carcinoma i. Squamous cell carcinoma j. Melanoma

36. What is the most immediate threat when a person has a severe burn? k. Match the cell type to its function 37. 38. Osteoblast 39. Osteoclast 40. Osteocyte Match the areas of the epiphyseal plate to their description. 41. 42. Resting zone 43. Proliferation zone 44. Hypertrophic zone 45. Calcification zone 46. Ossification zone 47. Calcium does not play a role in which of the following? l. 48. What is the normal concentration of blood calcium? m. 49. Which of the following hormones is responsible for increasing blood calcium levels? n. Begin short answer/essay 50. What are the 6 functions of membrane proteins? 51. What is the primary difference between active and passive transport? 52. What is the difference between simple diffusion and osmosis? 53. What does it mean for passive transport if all the carriers are saturated? 54. Explain how the Sodium-potassium pump works. 55. DNA _____________ to make a copy of itself. 56. DNA is _________________ to produce RNA. 57. RNA is translated into a _____________________. 58. The following sequence of RNA is being used by the cell to make a protein. Identify the codons (use a bracket) and their associated amino acids. 59. What are the three phases of translation? 60. What is apoptosis? 61. What is the most widely accepted theory of cell aging? 62.