Plato’s argument about the value and nature of rhetoric
Similar to the other ancient philosophers, Plato remains a virtue based eudemonistic thought of ethics. As many defined that Rhetoric is the art of discourse. It is believed to be the important element to keep writer or speaker to reach the purpose of inform, persuade, and motivate with particular audience. In addition, rhetoric has played a crucial role in the Western tradition in the past many decades. Plato is one of the people that made huge contributions on rhetoric has played a crucial role in the Western tradition in the past many decade. Truth and justice are the ultimately goals which Plato has his faith on. To be specific, Plato rhetoric requires addressing a right purpose of using in order to win the soul through discourse.
For Plato, the goal is to instruct, rather than just to persuade. Persuasion without the end goal of sharping the variance between evil and good is problematic for Plato. Plato disagrees which regards to the value of art in human society. The philosopher concerned with the artist’s ability to have significant impact on others. He holds radically different notions of reality. As a result, Plato is antagonistic towards the function of rhetoric in his dialogue Gorgias and ambivalent. Plato concerned with the pursuit of truth. Nevertheless, in Plato’s dialogues he views rhetoric as a way to misrepresent truth as he states in his criticism of the sophists.
Plato acknowledges that the rhetoric has sort function of persuasion. Rhetoric is turned into a tool to express social or political message that are determined by philosophy. To Plato, rhetoric was not only a decently neutral set of skills in writing and speaking; but also, it is the part of conventional ethical and political values in the most of the time.
Rhetoric, it value and purpose is the dialogue's subject from the beginning. In Phaedrus stages, Plato’s opposition to rhetoric presents his attitude of the value and purpose—philosophical. According Plato’s philosophical rhetoric perspective, he requires the expert artist to know the truth about the subject of his discourse. He focuses on specifying the procedures of dielectric. By taking the actions of collection and division, it allows the expert artist to obtain appreciate knowledge. This is vitally important in Plato’s argument.
In the Phaedrus, Plato tries to make his argument to adopt philosophical value. Plato aims to beat the rhetoricians at the polemical suggestion of the dialogue. As the matter of fact, Plato has adopted a strategy that suits the nature of the audience that being addressed.Plato treats poetry, eros and healings as arising from beneficial art. From Plato’s perspective, it was no contradiction. For us, there may be the means of controlling eros for educational purposes.
In addition, Plato brings in the conception of psychology. It is the one of the crucial innovations to traditional rhetoric in the Phaedrus. In this sense, he defines rhetoric as the soul moving power of discourse. He sought to make his rhetoric capable of reliably persuading any of anything-- rhetorical psychology. The psychological conception is brought up.
Therefore, persuasion is not just the matter of words, phrases, sentences. It in terms of soul natural capacities of desire, it gives a bit more erotic power of persuasion. In addition, Plato pointed rhetoric has