Plato’s Republic We have learned many articles in the Introduction to Philosophy class this semester. Plato’s Republic is one of them. The Republic is ancient Greece philosopher, thinker and educator Plato’s important dialogue body masterpiece. Belong to the middle works of Plato in his academic career. The book consists of ten volumes, in Plato's works all his life, not only is the longest length, but also content is very rich, the thought is profound, involving all aspects of the philosophy, especially view of his political philosophy, epistemology are discussed in detail. As other masterpieces of Plato, the Republic is a book with beautiful language, extremely rich literary value. Reading this book, not only can be defined in question and answer, and refute the exercise philosophy thinking ability, in the process of delving into some important philosophical problem, and at the same time also can get a beautiful enjoyment. In this essay, I will try to point out one of Plato’s main points and his fallacy. People pursuits perfection, but reality is always not perfect, it's full of flaws or even sinful. In the gap between "what one wants” and “what is truth ", and people’s none stop pursuit of the perfect, drives some people with outstanding thinking and temperament of idealism to sketch one and one ideal world. Plato’s perfect, especially showing in his faith in knowledge, and resolutely carry out the beliefs of knowledge in all aspects of the republic. His republic is the most important and most characteristic of the proposition of philosophers rule as well as the later on the sentiments of justice, we can say they all come from the derivation of his belief knowledge. Plato believed that people construct countries is because everyone can't count on themselves to meet the various needs. To meet this need, everyone gathered together, and provide services to each other, therefore constitute the city-state. However, ordinary people often don't know which need and which ought not to meet. And also don't know how to cooperate for achieving a best state, casting out a perfect country – a country full of happiness. He is convinced that only knowledge can lead a good country. Therefore, countries should govern by the people with highest knowledge. But there are differences between the people’s talent, only a few people with highest talent can master the highest knowledge. Plato used the legend of the Phoenicians, according to the talent; people are divided into three grades of gold, silver, copper, iron. He used gold and silver compared with the intellectual part of human nature. He argues, among people with gold, the best talent, can produce philosophers. They are the people that eyes are staring at the truth, and hold the highest knowledge, so they should become the state controller. People with less talent should be defenders to bear the country. And those with worst talent whose thoughts are covered by all kinds of desire, their responsibility is engaged in the production and business, obey the rule of controller and defenders. Plato, himself, thinks the design of the ideal world is perfect, but it makes people live in which not so wonderful, because the height of both hierarchical and authoritarian ideal world. To this end, he was attacked by so many Democrats and the liberal thinker. But Plato's utopia is not unreasonable. He advocated the hierarchy and totalitarian dictatorship is essentially a kind of knowledge. This vision comes from the knowledge of his faith, it also contains that he inherited from his great teacher Socrates's fundamental belief that knowledge is virtue. This means that all of his ideas are based on the judgment, knowledge and virtue, true kindness are stick together. With the highest knowledge which at the same time is the highest virtue can reach for a good man. Plato put forward such an ideal is too vulnerable to criticism of the dictatorship of the knowledge, in
Plato sets out in his work, The Republic, to identify and define the meaning of justice and what true justice would look like in practice. Plato does this through the voice of his great teacher Socrates and in developing a cohesive definition for justice; he sets out to formulate the completely just city. This ideally just city is then used to define how the concept of ideal justice would look and be administered practically within Plato’s ideally just city. An admirable and truly difficult…
enforce justice. Scholars have, however, been divided whether this claim is compatible with the position Plato attributes to Thrasymachus in the first book of the Republic. Plato’s account there is by far the most detailed, though perhaps historically suspect, evidence for Thrasymachus’ philosophical ideas.
In the first book of the Republic, Thrasymachus attacks Socrates’ position that justice is an important good. He claims that ‘injustice, if it is on a large enough scale, is stronger, freer, and…
Aristotle’s and Plato’s theories of ethics, and briefly compares them.
Classical Theories of Ethics – Outline
II Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics
III Plato’s Republic
IV Brief Comparison
Classical Theories of Ethics
The study of ethics takes us all the way back to classical Greece. Since it does, I thought it might be useful to compare “classical” theories from truly classical figures. Thus, we’ll examine Aristotle’s and Plato’s ideas about…
Plato and the Republic
Plato was born into a wealthy
Athenian family around 429 BC.
So, he grew up during the
Peloponnesian War (431 – 404 BC).
Around the age of 20, Plato joined
the circle of Socrates.
Socrates did not conduct his
philosophical inquiries through
... but through engaging in
dialogues with prominent
Athenians, often in public
We can imagine Plato watching
on and sometimes participating
in these conversations.
In 404, when Athens was finally
Machiavelli's criticism of Plato's The Republic states that a ruler who possesses an inherent quality of that which is consistently good will never have the authority to rule his or her people successfully. If a ruler always treats his subjects in a manner, which can be qualified as good, then he will ultimately meet his demise, as his subjects will rise against him. Machiavelli claims that it is unrealistic to assume that all the people of a kingdom will conduct themselves in a manner that will…
However, Plato goes on to presuppositions about the number and nature of these parts. Thus in this argument I shall be exploring the ways in which Plato fails to give an adequate argument for his tripartion in book 4 of the republic.
Let us begin at the beginning of Plato’s argument in Book 4 and his first claim that the same thing can not be characterized in the same respect, in relation to the same thing at the same time. He shows us that there is evidence of internal conflicts between motivations…
Republic Lecture 1
*General course remarks
*Two distinctions: use vs. mention (of a word); validity vs. soundness (of an argument)
1. Plato’s Life & Works
2. The Republic: Structure and Characters
3. Book 1: Thrasymachus’s Arguments; Socrates’s Question
1. Plato’s Life and Works
A preliminary note: history of philosophy and problem-oriented philosophy; division
of problem-oriented philosophy into metaphysics and epistemology and value theory
α. Little known about Plato’s life…
Plato’s Forms and The Ultimate Basis of Reality
Plato, a philosopher that lived more than 2,400 years ago, has proven himself to be, as time has elapsed, one of the brightest men ever to inhabit the earth. Although it is not certain, it is believed that he was born a little over 400 years before Christ in ancient Greece. He was brought up in the home of a wealthy and influential family in Athens and his parents made sure that he got the best education money could buy. Before I discuss Plato further…
Machiavellian & Platonic philosophies.
In this paper I will discuss the assumptions which underpin Machiavellian & Platonic philosophies in reference to The Republic and The Prince. My position is that both Machiavallian and Plantonic philosophies make assumptions in exemplifying their notions. Machiavelli’s is intentional while Plato’s is unintentional. Also both philosophies through their assumptions sometimes contradict each other. Well expressed
In discussing his notion above it is important…
throughout the academic community, and scholars still debate whether all of Plato’s works are authentic. They also debate what order his major works were written, and if Plato was writing before the execution of Socrates 399 B.C.E. () On the other hand, most agree that Plato’s major works can be divided into three distinct groups, Socratic Dialogues, Middle Period and Later Dialogues. A large majority of scholars also agree that Plato’s earliest works are the most reliable and accurate recordings of Socrates…