Plato’s Republic We have learned many articles in the Introduction to Philosophy class this semester. Plato’s Republic is one of them. The Republic is ancient Greece philosopher, thinker and educator Plato’s important dialogue body masterpiece. Belong to the middle works of Plato in his academic career. The book consists of ten volumes, in Plato's works all his life, not only is the longest length, but also content is very rich, the thought is profound, involving all aspects of the philosophy, especially view of his political philosophy, epistemology are discussed in detail. As other masterpieces of Plato, the Republic is a book with beautiful language, extremely rich literary value. Reading this book, not only can be defined in question and answer, and refute the exercise philosophy thinking ability, in the process of delving into some important philosophical problem, and at the same time also can get a beautiful enjoyment. In this essay, I will try to point out one of Plato’s main points and his fallacy. People pursuits perfection, but reality is always not perfect, it's full of flaws or even sinful. In the gap between "what one wants” and “what is truth ", and people’s none stop pursuit of the perfect, drives some people with outstanding thinking and temperament of idealism to sketch one and one ideal world. Plato’s perfect, especially showing in his faith in knowledge, and resolutely carry out the beliefs of knowledge in all aspects of the republic. His republic is the most important and most characteristic of the proposition of philosophers rule as well as the later on the sentiments of justice, we can say they all come from the derivation of his belief knowledge. Plato believed that people construct countries is because everyone can't count on themselves to meet the various needs. To meet this need, everyone gathered together, and provide services to each other, therefore constitute the city-state. However, ordinary people often don't know which need and which ought not to meet. And also don't know how to cooperate for achieving a best state, casting out a perfect country – a country full of happiness. He is convinced that only knowledge can lead a good country. Therefore, countries should govern by the people with highest knowledge. But there are differences between the people’s talent, only a few people with highest talent can master the highest knowledge. Plato used the legend of the Phoenicians, according to the talent; people are divided into three grades of gold, silver, copper, iron. He used gold and silver compared with the intellectual part of human nature. He argues, among people with gold, the best talent, can produce philosophers. They are the people that eyes are staring at the truth, and hold the highest knowledge, so they should become the state controller. People with less talent should be defenders to bear the country. And those with worst talent whose thoughts are covered by all kinds of desire, their responsibility is engaged in the production and business, obey the rule of controller and defenders. Plato, himself, thinks the design of the ideal world is perfect, but it makes people live in which not so wonderful, because the height of both hierarchical and authoritarian ideal world. To this end, he was attacked by so many Democrats and the liberal thinker. But Plato's utopia is not unreasonable. He advocated the hierarchy and totalitarian dictatorship is essentially a kind of knowledge. This vision comes from the knowledge of his faith, it also contains that he inherited from his great teacher Socrates's fundamental belief that knowledge is virtue. This means that all of his ideas are based on the judgment, knowledge and virtue, true kindness are stick together. With the highest knowledge which at the same time is the highest virtue can reach for a good man. Plato put forward such an ideal is too vulnerable to criticism of the dictatorship of the knowledge, in…
enforce justice. Scholars have, however, been divided whether this claim is compatible with the position Plato attributes to Thrasymachus in the first book of the Republic. Plato’s account there is by far the most detailed, though perhaps historically suspect, evidence for Thrasymachus’ philosophical ideas.
In the first book of the Republic, Thrasymachus attacks Socrates’ position that justice is an important good. He claims that ‘injustice, if it is on a large enough scale, is stronger, freer, and…
Plato sets out in his work, The Republic, to identify and define the meaning of justice and what true justice would look like in practice. Plato does this through the voice of his great teacher Socrates and in developing a cohesive definition for justice; he sets out to formulate the completely just city. This ideally just city is then used to define how the concept of ideal justice would look and be administered practically within Plato’s ideally just city. An admirable and truly difficult…
Introduction to Philosophy john doe
PHI 100 Section 081 03/15/13
We as humans possess a very strong belief that moral righteousness and being just play a gigantic role in living a peaceful and harmonious life. It is in our best interest that we behave just. But we may ask ourselves the question why do we behave justly? Is it because we are afraid that we might become recipients of societal punishment? Or is it because we fear that we will…
Is just behaviour the fear of divine retribution or social punishment? Or is it regardless of its rewards and punishments? Greek philosopher Plato seeks to answer these compelling questions in his works The Republic. After criticizing the conventional theories of justice presented differently by intellectuals Cephalus, Plymarchus, Thrasymachus and Glaucon, Socrates gives his theory of justice according to which it is a sort of specialization (Plato, p.14). Individually, justice is a human virtue…
The Republic is an examination of the "Good Life"; the harmony reached by
applying pure reason and justice. The ideas and arguments of Plato center on the social settings of an ideal republic - those that lead each person to the most perfect possible life for him. Socrates was Plato's early mentor in real life. As a tribute to his teacher, Plato uses Socrates in several of his works and dialogues. Socrates moderates the discussion throughout, as Plato's mouthpiece. Through Socrates' powerful…
Plato’s allegory of the cave has meanings on many different levels, which expresses Plato’s understandings of the progress of the mind from its lowest stage to an enlightened stage of good. Through the allegory Plato shows clearly his beliefs about the relations of the world of appearances and the world of reality. The reasoning behind many of Plato’s beliefs is that he thought ‘the senses can be mistaken, but knowledge gained through philosophical reasoning was certain’
The allegory shows a contrast…
escaping his bonds of a lack of knowledge, has acquired intellect. This intelligence has allowed the prisoner to become a philosopher and understand that the shadows were a lie and can now see the beautiful truth of true reality.
In conclusion, Plato's analogy of the cave represents the struggle that society faces as we attempt to become able to understand that everything we believe to be real, may in fact have never been and that what is real is com pletely different to what we had been fooled…
Plato and the Republic
Plato was born into a wealthy
Athenian family around 429 BC.
So, he grew up during the
Peloponnesian War (431 – 404 BC).
Around the age of 20, Plato joined
the circle of Socrates.
Socrates did not conduct his
philosophical inquiries through
... but through engaging in
dialogues with prominent
Athenians, often in public
We can imagine Plato watching
on and sometimes participating
in these conversations.
In 404, when Athens was finally
Reflection on: the “Republic,” by Plato.
Greek philosopher, Plato, is considered to be one of the most influential people in Western Philosophy. The fact that he was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle leaves no questions about his competence. One of his fundamental works is the “Republic”. Even though it was written in 380 BC, Plato’s and Socrates’s thoughts are still relevant in twenty first century. This paper will evaluate the quote from the “Republic” and provide a summary…