The Crito written by Plato is a conversation that supposedly was held when Crito went to visit Plato in prison. Critos purpose for visiting Socrates was to persuade him to escape prison to avoid being executed by the dishonest accusers. He doesn’t want Socrates to die because then Crito would be looked down in shame for not helping his friend. But more importantly Crito doesn’t want Socrates to die because he children would be fatherless and then Socrates would look like a coward. Crito say to Socrates, “ You seem to have chosen the easiest path, whereas one should choose the path a good and courageous man would choose, particularly when one claims throughout ones life to care for virtue” (45d, Crito,Plato). In response Socrates argues that it is not worth it to pay attention to the views of ignorant people but only listen to people with knowledge. To Socrates his concern is not what the people will think of him but whether or not escaping from prison is just or not. Socrates is a strong follower of the law and will never do anything to disobey it. Socrates personifies the laws of Athens as a way to represent his strong belief in it and as a justification as to why he should stay in prison By observing this personification that Socrates gives to the laws, it allows the readers to distinguish between the people who wronged Socrates and the laws of Athens. Throughout the text we see that Socrates gives the law of Athens human attributes to justify his belief in obeying the law. In Crito, the law of Athens, which is an inanimate and intangible object, speaks and can get destroyed by the people living in the Athens. For example, if Socrates ran away from prison the law of Athens would confront him and say, “Tell me, Socrates, what are you intending to do? Do you not by this action you are attempting intend to destroy us, the laws and indeed the whole city as far as you are concerned?” (50b,Crito, Plato). And if Socrates replied back he would say, “The city wronged me and its decision was not right” (50c, Crito,Plato). The law would then question, “ Was that the agreement between us, Socrates, or was it to respect the judgments that the city came to?” ( 51d, Crito,Plato). In Crito, Socrates states, “One should never do wrong in return, nor do any man harm, no matter what he may have done to you” ( 49d, Crito,Plato). At this point, Socrates is trying to convince Crito that one must always do what he has agreed to and never commit injustice toward anyone. By escaping from prison, which is forbidden under the law, there would be injustice committed and an agreement that is broken. Since one can only act unjustly and break an agreement toward someone with feelings, like a human being, Socrates must personify the laws of the state to justify his position on not escaping from prison because if he decides to escape prison he would be committing unjustified harm to the laws of Athens and destroying them. Another way in which Socrates personifies the laws of Athens to justify his position is by treating the agreement between the individual and the laws in a way that one would treat an agreement between two people. There are many examples of Socrates having a relationship between the law of Athens. For example the laws say, “Did we not, first bring you to birth, and was it not through us that your father married your mother and begat you? Tell us, do you find anything to criticize in those of us who are concerned with marriage?” (50d, Crito, Plato). The laws seem to have played an important role in shaping the life of Socrates. Not only did they give birth to him but they had an impact on his education and made sure he received the skills needed in the arts and physical culture field. The laws say, “ Were those not assigned to that subject not right to instruct your father to educate you in the arts and physical culture” (50d,Crito,Plato).By examining this statement made by the laws, we can see that laws are considered higher than
CHAPTER 3: SOCRATES, PLATO
Plato (c. 427–347 B.C.) was the pupil of Socrates (470–399 B.C.), and Aristotle (384–322 B.C.)
was the pupil of Plato.
Socrates was not interested in arguing with his fellow Athenians merely for the sake of
argument—as the Sophists were—but rather he wanted to discover the essential nature of
knowledge, justice, beauty, goodness, and the virtues (such as courage).
The Socratic (dialectic) method: a search for the proper definition of…
Due to experiencing the volatile state of the Athenian government, it is not surprising that Socrates had much to say on the topic of political philosophy. Central to his political theory was his position on how citizens ought to approach ethics and politics. In the Apology, Socrates' conduct demonstrates his belief that citizens must not be complacent when it comes to political virtue. In order to push citizens out of complacency, Socrates used a method called the “elecnhus” to prod citizens…
Ultimate Basis of Reality
Plato, a philosopher that lived more than 2,400 years ago, has proven himself to be, as time has elapsed, one of the brightest men ever to inhabit the earth. Although it is not certain, it is believed that he was born a little over 400 years before Christ in ancient Greece. He was brought up in the home of a wealthy and influential family in Athens and his parents made sure that he got the best education money could buy. Before I discuss Plato further, it is critically important…
Plato writes of a division of class into the gold, silver, and bronze categories drawing parallels with the tripartite division of other concepts such as the soul and the state. Plato states that gold, silver, and bronze classes each have a specific role, which was naturally designated to them to best serve the state as a whole. For this discussion, I will focus on the ruling class, or Guardians, and their position of influence above the other two classes.
According to Plato, every person…
beginning of this argument (Plato and Zeyl 39), the question from Socrates to Polus is which is worse, doing what’s unjust or suffering it? Polus responds that suffering is worse and Socrates proceeds to ask which is more shameful doing what is unjust or suffering from it. Polus says doing what is unjust is more shameful which leads Socrates to ask if doing an injustice is more shameful then shouldn’t it be worse. Polus states that is not the case which leads Socrates to believe that Polus believes…
retribution or social punishment? Or is it regardless of its rewards and punishments? Greek philosopher Plato seeks to answer these compelling questions in his works The Republic. After criticizing the conventional theories of justice presented differently by intellectuals Cephalus, Plymarchus, Thrasymachus and Glaucon, Socrates gives his theory of justice according to which it is a sort of specialization (Plato, p.14). Individually, justice is a human virtue that makes a person self-consistent and “good”;…
Presentation Paper: Plato
Plato is one of the world’s best-known and most widely studied philosophers and intellectuals throughout history. Although very little is actually known about his life, which has forced scholars to construct most of his biography; with the help of his writings and the writings of other great philosophers and intellects. This has created a lot of controversy throughout the academic community, and scholars still debate whether all of Plato’s works…
Plato and the Republic
Plato was born into a wealthy
Athenian family around 429 BC.
So, he grew up during the
Peloponnesian War (431 – 404 BC).
Around the age of 20, Plato joined
the circle of Socrates.
Socrates did not conduct his
philosophical inquiries through
... but through engaging in
dialogues with prominent
Athenians, often in public
We can imagine Plato watching
on and sometimes participating
in these conversations.
In 404, when Athens was finally
young men hearing that the state will give a thousand denarii to a blind man. The ten youths drew lots to decide which young man would be blinded so they could receive the thousand denarii. However, once the “lucky” young man had been blinded and asked the state for the thousand denarii, he was denied. The intention of this paper is to examine the case methodologically to determine what Socrates' opinion would likely be. This will be accomplished by examining Socrates' writings for similar logic…
Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens and sentenced to die for his beliefs. From the writings of his followers that were preserved, he was portrayed as accepting of this punishment because he truly thought what he believed was right. The trial of Socrates proved to be an important part in history, impacting the development of Western Philosophy and allowing the beliefs of Socrates to live on to this day. Socrates’ life, trial, and death are all important parts of history and coincide…