When a bill begins it is simply an idea or suggestion. Potential bills can come from anyone, but they must be sponsored by someone from the House of Representatives. For example, I could create a suggestion that could lead to a bill, but a Representative would bring it into the House of Representatives. The Representative presents the bill to the Speaker of the House, who will send the bill to Committee. The Committee hold a hearing and review the bill. They revise and update it and if they agree with it they send it back to the House of Representatives. Once sent back the Representatives review it and vote on it. If the majority votes yes(to pass the bill into law), then the bill becomes passed in the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives clerk certifies the bill and it is sent to the Senate. In the Senate, similar steps are taken to pass the bill. The bill goes to the Senate Committee and if passed is sent to be voted on at the Senate floor. The bill must get a majority yes vote to be sent to the President. The President can then say yes, no, or pocket veto the bill. If yes, the President signs the bill, the bill becomes law, and the bill is enforced by the government. If no, the bill is sent back to the House of Representatives (along with reasons for the veto), and they can vote again. If the House of Representatives and Senate both have a 2/3rds yes vote, then they can override the President’s decision and the bill will become law. If the President has no reaction to the bill it is considered a pocket veto. If no action is taken within 10 days, the bill is sent to Congress and approved to be law.
Interest groups play a huge role in bill