The anthropological approach to political systems is global and comparative, this means that they study non-states, which are usually not focused on by political scientists. With politics comes power, which is the ability to exercise one’s will over others, and authority, which is the socially approved use of power. It can be said that in the United States the government has authority over its people, because their power is socially approved. The citizens of the country have a voice, which gives them freedom. In 1962 anthropologist Elman Service developed a typology of political organizations. He classified these as bands, tribes, chiefdoms, or states. Bands are small kin-based groups found among foragers. Tribes are associated with non-intensive food production and have villages or descent groups but lack formal government and social classes. The chiefdom is a form of sociopolitical organization that is intermediate between the tribe and state, still kin-based, but characterized by a permanent political structure with some degree of differential access to resources and political structure. In a state there is a formal government and social class. Anthropologist Kottak uses the term sociopolitical organization when he discusses cross-cultural similarities and differences in the regulation or management of interrelations among groups and their representatives. The similarities within economy and sociopolitical organizations are the following: foragers tend to have band organization, horticulturalists and pastoralists tend to have tribal organization, and agriculturalists tend to have either chiefdom or state level organization. In foraging societies the only two social groups that are significant are the nuclear family and the band. Foraging bands are also egalitarian, which means that all differences in status are achieved. They also lack formal law, which results in violent disputes amongst one another. Tribes are also similar in the sense that they lack formal government, but they also lack social classes, which are seen in foraging societies. The main officials in a tribe are known as the village heads or “big men”, descent-group leaders, village councils, and leaders of pantribal associations. Tribes are also egalitarian. Status in tribes is based on age, gender, and personal traits and abilities. The Yanomami are used as an example of a society with a village head. The position of village head is achieved and comes with very limited authority. Their job is to act as mediators in disputes, but have no authority in reprimanding the individual at fault. On the other hand the “big man” is like a village head, except that his authority is regional and they may have influence over more than one village. In order to obtain the position of tribal leader, a “big man”, or a village head a person must be generous, hard working, and efficient. Sodalities are non-kin based organizations, which generate links between different societies. They tend to be found in areas where two or more different cultures come into regular contact. Age sets are sodalities that…
Economic and Political Systems:
Capitalism vs. Socialism
The political spectrum has played a vital role in economics. For centuries, governments have disputed over numerous economic systems which they consider to be the most suitable, in order to develop and grow today’s nations. In recent years, there has been constant disagreements between left wing and right wing leaders and supporters, for example in Latin America, which has resulted in many economic, social and political problems. This…
History and culture of many nations and societies have been affected by political systems. In the 1600s-1700s two political systems, absolute monarchy of France and the constitutional monarchy of England, have affected Europe. Absolute monarchy is when a ruler rules with absolute, or total, power. A constitutional monarchy is when laws limit the power of the monarch so they cannot rule absolutely. These two political systems affected not only their own country, but the whole of Europe as well. Mainly…
Political system: Egypt is based on a republicanism system with a semi presidential system of government. From the years of 1956 to 1970 Egypt enjoyed the presidency of Gamal Abdelnasser who lead the nation through several instances of foreign conflict and national trouble. He was also the founder of the United Arab Republic which was a united nation between Egypt and Syria. Gamal Abdelnasser led Egypt with his vice president Anwar Saddat whom after Abdelnassers death took over leadership of the…
I believe our political system has adapted to our nations diversity in many ways. The first and most prominent way would be the fact that we now have an African American president. As our nation changes racially and we become more diverse, our political figures are changing as well. Our officials are racially diverse and all come from different backgrounds and ethnicities. Our nation has also changed and adapted to more minorities. Workplaces have to confine to laws like affirmative action and sexual…
2. Knowing the above, what does this say about political knowledge in the US and the ability of the media to shape that knowledge?
The media plays a significant role in modern society and can shape the public’s political knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. People generally learn about politics and the government from television, the internet, and newspapers. The media has a positive impact on individuals’ level of political knowledge and information, however, this is weak compared to…
Industrial, and Information Age Political Systems
Agricultural Age Political Systems:Pre-democratic political systems of various kinds, in fuedal systems and ancient empires.
Industrial Age Political Systems: Representative democracy and a multiparty political system for the rising middle class in the West, with democracy based on an informed, educated middle class; democratic centralism in socialist countries, with population also educated.
Information Age Political Systems: Global democratization…
understand what the question is asking.
Theme: Political Systems
Task 2: Outlining the Task
Describe the characteristics of the nation’s political system
Discuss how the nation’s political system affected the nation’s history and/or culture
Evaluate why one nation’s political system was more effective in meeting the needs of its people…
Evaluate why the other nation’s political system was less effective in meeting the needs of the people……
Political Studies (1998), XLVI, 572±588
Parties, Party Systems, and Satisfaction with
Democratic Performance in The New Europe
CHRISTOPHER J. ANDERSON1
Political parties and the party systems they form constitute the major channels
of interest aggregation and citizen input in contemporary democracies. They are
the vehicles through which political elites supply policy alternatives, and they
constitute the major route for citizens to organize the demand for such alternatives.2 Parties…
Global History Themes
Belief system Political systems
Economicsystems Human rights
Belief system is a set of mutually supportive beliefs and the beliefs of any such system can be classified as religious, philosophical, ideological or a combination of these. Philosopher Jonathan Glover says that beliefs are part of a belief system. Glover believes that people…
01, June 2014
The Best Political and Economic System
A political system is one which involves politics and government officials. An economic system is a system which focuses on production of goods and services. I do not believe there is "such thing" as a perfect political or economic system, however, I do believe that a Individualism Political System and a Market Economic System would be best.
From my research, I've learned that Individualism and Collectivism…