Land pollution is characterized by the contamination of Earth's surface, where organisms live. One of the major causes of land pollution is human activities which includes but is not limited to deforestation, littering and unauthorized disposal of industrial waste. Deforestation for the establishment of factories and industries due to urbanization where trees are harvested on a very large scale without any effort to plant new trees have created a rise in the pollution levels and destruction of the natural habitat interrupting the circle of life. Poverty leads to overgrazing of land suitable for agriculture making it quite difficult to produce and harvest quality fruits and vegetables causing citizens to consume less desired or quality food products. Soil erosion makes the land unfit for cultivation and also increases the occurrence of floods which will affect the production of food for organisms over a period of time. Littering is one of the biggest problems that cause land pollution and is a result of human behavior and a careless procedure of handling waste primarily by irresponsible people. Quite often as a result of littering, bottles, cans and containers when not properly disposed of attracts insects mainly mosquitoes that reproduce and will eventually spread diseases of malaria and dengue fever from one citizen to another worldwide. Contaminated land is land that could be damaging to health and the environment and occurs as a result of poor environmental management, waste disposal practices and accidental spills of toxic waste in industrial and commercial activities such as open cast mining, where enormous holes are dug in the ground and have the propensity to discharge a variety of chemicals and lubricating oils that are left unattended too or not properly disposed of will lead to increased land pollution. This pollution includes biodegradable, combustible and non-combustible waste. Land pollution facts tell us that burning hazardous waste can leave entire regions contaminated and uninhabitable for decades or centuries.
Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulars and biological matter that causes harm to all living organisms and will cause damage to the natural environment. Stratospheric ozone depletion which is contributed by air pollution has been recognized as a threat to organisms as well as to the earth’s ecosystem. The earth is capable of cleaning itself of certain levels of pollution, but man-made pollutants have become too much for the earth to clean itself naturally. Quite often, there are overloads of pollutants in forms of acid rain, smog and a variety of problems that can be associated to our environment, primarily the quality of the air we breathe. One of the main