Pols 338 Essay

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Pols 338

The Battle of Stalingrad (August 23, 1942 – February 2, 1943) was the major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in the southwestern Soviet Union. Marked by constant close quarters combat and disregard for military and civilian casualties, it is among the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare. The heavy losses inflicted on the Wehrmacht make it arguably the most strategically decisive battle of the whole war. It was a turning point in the European theatre of World War II–the German forces never regained the initiative in the East and withdrew vast military force from the West to reinforce their losses. Reiter and Stam discover that superior human capital meaning the skills, knowledge, and experience possessed by an individual could also play a factor and superior, harmonious civil-military relations, and Western cultural background are largely responsible. (Reiter & Stam 2002, 22) In Reiter and Stam book argues when it comes to states picking their fights wisely they tend to start wars when the stakes are high enough, and when they are confident they will win the war. They believed that if the states think about whether or not they will win a war when they make the decision to initiate the use of force, then understanding who wins wars sheds light on the decision to attack. (Reiter & Stam 2002, 23) Reiter and Stam believe that the Political Structures or Skeleton and the Spirit of Democracy are the reason why democracies tend to win there wars. The skeleton is the structures of the democracies the Spirit Reiter and Stam argue that differences in political culture help democracies to win wars but not in the ways most political scientists and military historians might suspect. (Reiter & Stam 2002, 13-17) Reiter and Stam believe that family and power just asset to help one state win a war. Family is basically international Community some attribute the near absence of war between democracies to a powerful sense of democratic community. (Reiter & Stam 2002, 17) Power is Economic Might which is considering two different ways that democracies might be able to muster more power in time of war. First, democracies in general might be more prosperous than other kinds of states and therefore able to assemble more massive and better-equipped armies than their opponents. (Reiter & Stam 2002, 17) Second, democracies might be able to muster greater collective material sacrifices from society than other kinds of states. (Reiter & Stam 2002, 18)Lake on the other hand believe that’s international Community or family and Power or is Economic Might would be why democracies tend to win the wars he argued that the macroeconomic theory of the state. Specifically, state rent-seeking creates an imperialist bias in a country's foreign policy. This bias is smallest in democracies, where the costs to society of controlling the state are relatively low, and greatest in autocracies, where the costs are higher. (Lake 1992, 32) As a result, autocracies will be more expansionist and, in turn, war prone. (Lake 1992, 32) By definition, casualties there is deference from fatalities since fatalities refer to the number of deaths resulting from an event, which casualties are the number of dead and injured in war. In the Battle of Stalingrad there where way more casualties which has a impact of the way somebody’s fights…