I have chosen to write my first reaction paper on the portion of The African Experience by Vincent B. Khapoya that has to do with polygamy. His writings include some factual statistics on the practice in the continent of Africa and then move on to possible reasons that polygamy came about and why it perpetuated. This is where I have the quam with his writings, I think that he interjects his own beliefs and defends polygamy in the entire chapter with all of his power. Khapoya writes about seven different reasons that the practice came to be, I will show that these reasons are flimsy at best and there is really only one reason for polygamy. I will say that I believe in a consenting adult theory, if a person is sound of mind and of the appropriate age determined by the respective society then should be able to live how they would like and interact with other adults however they see fit. Just to be clear, I am NOT bashing polygamy, I just want to call a spade a spade. Khapoya’s first reason is that men outnumber women and that it was seen as a necessity to be married in most Africa societies. In line with that logic there would have to be men that HAD to marry more than one woman in order have enough marriages to go around. This specious statement might have a logical argument but he give no evidence. He states that men had a higher mortality rate than women, but he never says by how much. He says that men had dangerous occupations but neglects to consider the women in the same societies were not immune to the same dangers. Also he says that men were lost in raids on other villages, well could it not be assumed that in the process of a raid that women were lost too? Civilian women are killed in attacks today, why should we assume that that same fact does not hold true then. Even if men were a high commodity, was the ratio really two, three, or even four to one in order to make this necessary? If it were so important to be married was it made sure that everyone was married, even the poor, weak and unhealthy men? The second reason is for helping hands. Khapoya says that is was necessary for agrarian African societies to have an abundance of people to help in the fields and farms. While no doubt that polygamy can produce more children per number of adults, why is that necessary? One couple can produce plenty of children, and I can speak from personal experienHow many people were really needed when they were not yet commercial farming but producing solely for their own consumption? The book also talks about how African societies were very communal. Why then would the neighbors and others in the villages not help those doing the field work? Also Khapoya mentions that when colonization took place polygamy went up because they needed more people for farming. Is this really the reason that the polygamy rates went up? Is this really the causation or just merely just a correlation? I ask because making people get married and start having children is not the fastest way to fill job positions. And if Western rule enhanced the practice is it really an African practice? In the third reason says that there was a higher mortality rate especially among men, but by how much? Where is the research? Again he never mentioned any data or sources of his conclusions. From his own experience he states that in his father’s immediate family only him and his brother survived, but that that is a family that has two males and no females. I understand that is only one example but if it happened once it is likely this not an isolated occurrence. In the end of the paragraph he says that the mortality rate is much better now and improving, so why has the practice disappeared? In the fourth reason Khapoya says that the practice of polygamy was allowed for the noble reason of taking care of the wife and children of a male family member that passed away. Taking care of a family that lost their provider is extremely noble, but why did the men have to take…
each other in the post-colonial era. The colonial era saw parts of Africa as key to Frances greatness and significance as a power. However, scandalous events occurred throughout and it is clear that this notion has never truly been left behind. Although the post colonial era in Black Africa brought a somewhat peaceful independence, it has long been shadowed by scandal in France. Each president has strived to make their mark, with Africa being a popular subject during elections. Some leaders have promised…
me as a person. Because instead of just look at Africa as a poor run down country which is often the way TV and the media portrays Africa to be. I have been able to break some of that speculation and see firsthand for myself that you can’t just believe everything you hear and see on TV. The idea that all of Africa is a poor country is not true, yes there are parts and places in Africa that are poor but that just like any country. Ghana West Africa is actually very rich country especially when you…
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km² (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian…
cent of pregnant women accessing antenatal care have information, counselling and other HIV prevention services available to them1. The rise in the level of HIV /AIDS in South Africa/Uganda is a direct impact of an increased level of stigmatization, poverty and gender inequality
Stigma : how do we treat homosexuals in Africa. Which people are said to be the cause of HIV/AIDS? How do we treat AIDS as a disease (it is considered an evil disease- superstition, religion, cultural norms
2. Poverty: lack…
things. To me personally, the practice of polygamy seems a bit excessive. I mean, that is a lot of work, most men can barely handle one wife, let alone many. But to each their own I suppose. Most people don’t agree with that though, they like to state their opinions on such things, which they are entitled to do. Two such people, who happen to have opposing viewpoints, are Cheshire Calhoun and Thom Brooks. Before I go into this, I’d like to point out that polygamy is not some unnatural unholy destruction…
Shiv Lakhanpal September 27th, 2012
Three paragraphs on the motives for the new imperialism:
While the Europeans established several colonies in Africa, this made African countries underdeveloped while Europeans became rich, prosperous, and well-developed. Before being forced into labor, Africans were a dependent group of people and grew the necessary crops to live a normal and healthy life, but as the Europeans came into picture they had a desire to acquire raw materials…
The most modernized country in Africa is South Africa
South Africa has superior economy compared many countries in Africa. The country is worth $595.7 billion dollars making it in 26th place compared to the world. South Africa makes most of its money off of industry (29%) and services (68.4%). (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sf.html) South Africa is the largest manufacturer of rich jewels and metals…
Chapter 3 Section 1 & Chapter 3 Section 2
1. What’s unusual about Mt. Kilimanjaro?
• Mt. Kilimanjaro towers 19,340 feet over northeastern Tanzania yet because of the
mountains great height, its summit is covered with snow all year round.
2. How many countries are there in Africa?
• 54 countries
3. Define escarpments.
• steep cliffs
4. Define cataracts.
• large waterfalls and rapids
5. What are Africa’s rivers used for?
• The rivers in africa provide fish, water for irrigation…
April 20th, 2015
Child Labor in Africa
Child labor is the use of young children for industries or business which is considered inhumane. Child labor in many parts of world seizes to exist, but in some parts of Africa there are still many children between the ages of 5-14 that still undergo child labor. Most of these children experience this due to poverty, and unemployment. This work does not only deprive these kids of their childhood but can be potentially harmful to their…