The Kingdom of Sweden Saint Mary’s University
Position Paper for Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34)
The topics before the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34) are: Reforming Peacekeeping to Strengthen Post-Conflict Stabilization Efforts; Cooperation and Capacity Building within Regional Arrangements; and Strengthening the Protection Mandates of Peacekeeping Operations.
The Kingdom of Sweden is dedicated to collaborative multilateral approaches to ensuring protection and promotion of human security, advancement of sustainable development, sustainable peace, and post-conflict peacebuilding efforts.
I. Reforming Peacekeeping to Strengthen Post-Conflict Stabilization Efforts
In order to reevaluate global peacekeeping activities, Resolution (A/RES/2006(XIX) of the UN General set up the Special Committee on Peacekeeping (SCPKOP) to conduct a comprehensive review of the peacekeeping operations in all their aspects. To this end, the Kingdom of Sweden fully endorses A/RES/2006(XIX) for monitoring and improvement of SCPKOP's current commitments, and also endorses Security Council (SC) resolution S/RES/1327 and the Brahimi Report (A/55/305–S/2000/809) outlining pertinent reforms in peacekeeping. At the onset of peacekeeping operations (PKOP) in 1948, The Kingdom of Sweden deployed military observers and has remained present in that capacity since then. Swedes are currently serving with United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO). In total more than 1060 Swedes have served there of whom 4 have been killed. The Kingdom of Sweden has demonstrated a strong commitment to peacekeeping and has served in missions all around the world including operations in Kashmir, Suez-Gaza, Sinai, Lebanon, Cyprus, Congo, Sinai Lebanon, The Kuwait War, Yugoslavia, Chad, and Liberia. However, the nature of peacekeeping has changed profoundly over the past 20 years, with missions in the first decades characterized by small deployments taking place only when a ceasefire had been agreed and the conflicting parties had given their consent. The Kingdom of Sweden endorses the establishment of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), under resolutions 60/180 and 1645 (2005), and is among the members of the PBC, whose Organizational Committee brings together 31 Member States, to establish PBC’s work agenda, including the establishment of the medium-term calendar for its wide-ranging activities, and development of Integrated Peacebuilding Strategies (IPBS). Furthermore, The Kingdom of Sweden is among the 5 top providers of assessed contributions to UN budgets and of voluntary contributions to the UN funds, programmes and agencies, including a standing Peacebuilding Fund, alongside Canada, Japan, Norway and Spain. The Kingdom of Sweden calls for further improvement of innovative strategies in strengthening peacebuilding that will ensure coherence between peacemaking, peacekeeping, peacebuilding and development in order to respond effectively to post-conflict situations from the outset. Therefore, The Kingdom of Sweden urges UN Member States to support the full implementation of the recent SC Resolution 2086 (2013), that recognizes the important role of multidimensional peacekeeping missions in: assisting host countries in developing critical peacebuilding priorities and strategies; helping to create an enabling environment for relevant national and international actors to perform peacebuilding tasks; and implement early peacebuilding tasks themselves. The Kingdom of Sweden believes that to reform peacekeeping is to strengthen post-conflict stabilization efforts, and this can be realized through identifying lessons learned through: natural resource management; safe and secure environment; rule of law, justice and reconciliation; stable governance and participation; sustainable economic stabilization and infrastructure; humanitarian assistance and social well-being. To this end, Sweden has