* Sherman Anti-Trust Act- banned trusts and monopolies * Interstate Commerce Act- regulate railroad industry- required that railroads be reasonable and just- government could not fix specific rates- railroads publicize shipping rates * Pendleton Act – Chester A Arthur- standards for certain jobs * laissez-faire capitalism * the idea of government regulation of business; american industrialists appealed to this theory to justify their methods of doing business; even while they readily accepted the protection of high tariffs and federal subsidies * The Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), created in 1887, was the federal government's first agency aimed at regulation; its purpose was simply to maintain "reasonable and just prices * Wabash vs Illinois- determined that only the federal government could regulate interstate commerce * Chinese Exclusion Act * (1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate. Stemmed from fear of Americans that their jobs would be taken. * The Jungle- Upton Sinclair- 1906- meat factories- results in Pure Food and Drug Act * bland-allision act 1878 * a compromise law; allowed only a limited coinage of between $2 million and $4 million in silver each month at the standard silver-to-gold ratio of 16 to 1.
* Dawes Severalty Act (1887) * an act that removed indian land from tribal possesion, redivided it, and distributed it among individual indian families. designed to break tribal mentalities and promote individualism. * Sitting Bull * The American Indian Sitting Bull (ca. 1834-1890), a Hunkpapa Sioux medicine man and chief,