May 8, 2014
Professor Fuentes Case Study 3: Grier
1) What is Acidosis?
2) What is Oliguria?
3) What is the normal blood pressure?
4) What is the normal body temperature?
5) What is the normal pulse?
When Grier was in Canada, the hospital obtained the following information. Grier blood pressure was 170/110, which is considered high because the normal blood pressure is 120/80. If men have high blood pressure (HBP) it can cause several problems, one of them being kidney failure. The kidneys are supplied with dense blood vessels and high pressure can cause the arteries around the kidney to narrow. Therefore, the damaged artery would not be able to deliver blood to the kidneys. So when the arteries become damage it can cause blood to filter (“Kidney damage”). The doctors also obtained his temperature, which was 39 degree Celsius. Body temperature is the ability of the body to get rid of heat. When body temperature is low the medical term is Hypothermia, which is when the body loses heat faster than it can produce heat causing low temperature. Less than 35 degree Celsius is considered to be Hypothermia (“Hypothermia”). Higher blood temperature would be considered a fever. Finally Grier Pulse was 68 beats per minute, which is consider high. Bradycardia is the medical term for pulse that is lower than 60. If a person has Bradycardia it means the heart doesn’t pump enough oxygenated blood. Tachypnea is the term for rapid breathing. Acidosis is an increased acidity in the blood and other body tissue. In the beginning of the case the doctors told him he has Acidosis, which is said to occur when arterial pH falls below 7.35(“Acidosis’’). Acidosis can be classified as respiratory or metabolic acidosis. Grier’s case mostly relates to metabolic acidosis, which developed when there is too much acid produced or the kidneys can’t remove the acid from the body (“Acidosis”). Oliguria is when there is a reduced urine volume, which can be related to acute kidney injury (“Oliguria”) Works cited:
"Acidosis: Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 26 Feb. 2014. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001181.htm>.
"High Blood Pressure in Men: Risks, Causes, Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, 4 Feb. 2012. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/men/guide/high-blood-pressure>.
"Hypothermia." Definition. N.p., 8 June 2014. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothermia/basics/definition/con-20020453>.
"Kidney Damage and High Blood Pressure." Kidney Damage and High Blood Pressure. N.p., 4 Apr. 2012. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.heart.org/HeartOrg/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/WhyBloodPressureMatters/Kidney-Damage-and-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_301825_Article.jsp>.
Saladin, Kenneth S. Anatomy and Physiology the Unity of Form and Function. 6th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw Hill Higher Education, 2002. Print.
October 30, 2014
Take Home Examination #2
Poverty is when the unfortunate don’t have enough money to pay for goods. The lowest poverty rate was back in 1973 being 11.1% and the rate slowly started to increase in 1983 at 15.2% and decreased again in 2000 with 11.3% (“Poverty in America”). Today 45.6 percent of New Yorkers are stuck in poverty because of low wages, rising rents, and a lack of benefits. NYC tried to solve the problem by providing social security, food stamps, and income tax credit. Programs like this helped 40 million people out of poverty (“Poverty in America). But, not everyone had the opportunity to earn these benefits from the government because there were unable to meet all the requirements. You have to be a certain age or have a certain income to be qualified. Although NYC provided assistance, it didn’t really end poverty as a whole because of 4 reasons, there are more people working low-wage jobs, divorce rates are increasing,…