Pre Test Essay

Submitted By dperez41
Words: 726
Pages: 3

Pre-Test
Question 1
A violation of which of the following could lead to a practitioner losing his or her license to practice?
d) Professional codes of conduct
Feedback: The answer is d. Professional codes operate as internal guidelines and are meant to govern the behavior of its practitioners.
Question 2
The origins of morality stem from where?
a) Religion
Feedback: The answer is d. Morality is influenced by a number of different origins; not just one value is the sole proprietor of morality.
Question 3
Ethical relativists claim that:
a) Moral standards are determined by what a culture or society decides is right and wrong.
Feedback: The answer is a. Ethical relativism is the view that morality is not absolute, and ethical standards should be adjusted according to the situation.
Ethics is:
d) All of the above
Feedback: The correct answer is d. Ethics can be defined as the study and analysis of moral actions, of what is right and wrong. We think about ethics when we wonder how we should treat other people, whether certain actions are fair or unfair, and how the world ought to be.
Question 5
Which of the following statements about religion and morality is NOT true?
a) Judaism and Christianity are the only religions that address morality.
Feedback: The answer is a. All of the major world religions provide their believers with a worldview that has a focus on morality.

Question 6
A group that struggles to make moral decisions cohesively because those involved want to avoid conflict has fallen into the issue of:
b) Groupthink
Feedback: The answer is b. Groupthink happens when the pressure to maintain harmony and avoid conflict within a group impedes the abilities of those in the group to realistically appraise situations and make coherent, moral decisions.
Question 7
In what areas do religious institutions often influence public opinion?
d) All of the above
Feedback: The answer is d. Religious institutions often influence public opinion and policy on political, educational, economic, and medical issues.
Question 8
The actions that best satisfy one's own beliefs, desires, and choices is:
b) Self-interest
Feedback: The answer is b. Self-interest involves actions that satisfy one's own beliefs, desires, and choices, NOT the beliefs or desires of anyone else.
Question 9
Rules that are meant to govern the behavior of members of a given profession are known as:
c) Professional codes of conduct
d) Behavior codes
Feedback: The answer is c. Professional codes of conduct are supposed to influence the conduct of members of a given profession
Question 10
When a company acts in such a way that calls into question the codified rules that regulate human and institutional interaction, it has violated:
c) Legal standards
Feedback: The answer is c. Legal codes and standards are…