Essay about Presidential Doctrines

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Presidential Doctrines: President Kennedy and the Communist Expansion

The Kennedy Doctrine was essentially an expansion of the foreign policy of the previous administrations of Dwight D. Eisenhower and Harry S. Truman, The Eisenhower doctrine focused providing both military and economic assistance to nations resisting communism and increasing trade from the U.S. to Latin America and the Truman doctrine focused on containment of communism by providing assistance to countries resisting communism in Europe The Kennedy Doctrine was based on these same objectives but was more concerned with the spread of communism and Soviet influence in Latin America that brought Fidel Castro to power
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After the Cuban Missile crisis both the U.S and the Soviet Union realized how close they had both come to a nuclear war, they both then attempted to reduce the tension between the two nations. Negotiations resumed with Moscow and an agreement to limit the test ban paved the way for the treaty on July 25 1963, the nations agreed to ban nuclear testing in the atmosphere, space and underwater. The Limited Test Ban was signed in Moscow on August 5 1963 and approved by the U.S. senate on Sept 23 1963 and on October 7 1963 Kennedy ratified the treaty to include:
The prohibition of nuclear weapons tests, allowed underground nuclear tests only if the fallout debris is outside the nations boundaries, and that all nations work towards the end of the armaments race, and the contamination of the environment.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was the first and only nuclear confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. The event appeared to frighten both sides and it marked a change in the development of the Cold War. Some of the direct consequences of the crisis include the following: The Hot Line. Was developed which was direct communications line to help prevent dangerous confrontations such as the Cuban Missile Crisis arising again, the United States secretly removed all its nuclear missiles from Turkey and Italy. A Test Ban Treaty was signed in August 1963.