Printing and early Chinese Printing Essay

Submitted By JennaHall
Words: 2037
Pages: 9

By Jenna Hall

Table of Contents
Early Chinese Printing.......................................... 4 Woodcut................................................................ 6 Gutenburg............................................................. 7 Etching.................................................................. 8 Engraving.............................................................. 9 Aquantint.............................................................. 10 Drypoint................................................................ 12 Lithography........................................................... 14 Screenprinting....................................................... 16 Monotype.............................................................. 18 Monoprint............................................................. 19 Offset..................................................................... 20 Planography........................................................... 22 Intiaglo.................................................................. 23 Digital Printing..................................................... 24 Work Cited............................................................ 25

Early Chinese Printing

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hinese Printmaking was invented around 105 A.D. The first form of printing was Stone Rubbing. Stone rubbings used a method called block-book printing, which combined texts and images in a single carving. Prints were created on huge flat stone slabs. They were important because they allowed Chinese scholars to study scriptures. Chinese Printmaking is a very decorative art that can involve large quantities of color and can have very elaborate designs. The images depicted in the prints can have many meanings. There are signs of wisdom and signs of wealth that can be understood by interpreting the animals, plants, scenery and people displayed. This is because each symbol has its own meaning.

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or example, dogs from the Zodiac can represent loyalty, or if a picture has a plant (such as a orchid blossoms) it represents a high-class respectfulness. The tiger indicates a powerful and respected person/ people, and a rabbit is for luck and intelligence. The artist always signs his or her own work by putting their seal on it and adding a Chinese word or phase in calligraphy to it.

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Woodcut
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hinese created woodcuts. The earliest known woodcut incorporating both texts and pictures was created in 868 A.D. This woodcut print can be found in a famous Buddhist text known as the Diamond Sutra. The Diamond Sutra was early devotional prints that were drawings that were reproduced from artists with large range of talent. The prints were made without thought of artistic interpretation in the development of the print, these works of folk art were very important.
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Gutenburg Printing

n 1041, movable clay type was first invented in China. Johannes Gutenburg, a goldsmith and businessman from the mining town of Mainz in southern Germany, changed the world of printing. Gutenberg invented the printing press with replacable/movable wooden or metal letters in 1436 which was completed by 1440. This method of printing was not only for a revolution in the production of books but for fostering rapid development in the sciences, arts, and religion through the transmission of text. The Gutenberg printing press developed from the technology of the screw-type wine presses of the Rhine Valley. In 1440 that Johannes Gutenberg created his printing press, a hand press, in which ink was rolled over the raised surfaces of moveable hand-set block letters held within a wooden form and the form was then pressed against a sheet of paper. Johannes Gutenberg is also accredited with printing the world’s first book using movable type.

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tching is a process where an image or lettering is “burned” in steel with the aid of both an AC and DC current via a series electrical circuit that sees through…