Art notes 2.1
Drawing is the basis of all visual observations.
Artists reasons for drawing:
-define their ideas
-plan larger projects
-resolve design issues in preparatory sketches
-record visual observations
Materials of Drawing: Dry Media
Artist must first choose between wet or dry media.
Chalk, pastel, and crayon
Materials of Drawing: Wet Media
Quill and pen
Before paper, drawing were made on pyramids, wood, cloth, and animal hide.
Paper was invented in China by Cai Lun.
The Drawing Process
Life drawing: drawing from a live model, as opposed to using photographs, plaster casts, or other existing artworks as source materials.
For example: nude models, but can also involve animals, plants, and architecture
Gesture Drawing : Identifies and reacts to the main visual and expressive characteristic of a form.
Contour Drawing: Registers the essential qualities of 3D forms by rendering the outline, or contour of an object.
Drawing, like writing, is something we all do. As an innate part of our humanity, we may have the urge to draw in order to record, visualize, and express ourselves.
Drawing has economy, immediacy, as well as simplicity. It is the gateway through which nearly every work of art first enters the world.
Medium- The material an artist uses to make his/her art
Color- The optical effect caused when reflected white light of the spectrum is divided into separate wavelength
Scale-The size of an object or artwork.
Pigment-The colored material used in paints
Binder- A surface that makes pigments adhere to a surface
Renaissance- A period of cultural and artistic change in Europe during the seventeenth century
Support- The material on which painting is done
Naturalism -very realistic
Illusionism- The artistic skill or trick of making something look real
Stylized- Art that represents objects in an exaggerated way.
Background- The furthest from the viewers space
Subject- The person or object depicted in the art work
Fresco-A technique in which the artist paints onto freshly applied plaster
Foreground- the part of work depicted as nearest to the viewer
Value- The lightness or darkness of a plane or area
Luminosity - a bright glowing quality
Baroque- European artist
Opaque- Not transparent
Mask -in spray painting or silk screen printing a barrier the shape of which blocks the paint or ink from passing through
Stencil - A perforated template allowing ink to print a design
Context of Printmaking
The earliest existing printed artworks on paper were created in China and date back to the eighth century CE By the ninth century, printed scrolls containing Buddhist sutras (scriptures or prayers) were being made across east Asia
While the woodblock print remained the primary vehicle for the development of the print in Asia, in the West a number of additional techniques developed over time
Relief Printmaking Relief prints are made by carving away from a block of a suitably workable material, such as wood or linoleum, a certain amount of it, to create a raised image
The artist then applies ink to the raised surface and transfers the image to paper or similar material by applying pressure in a printing press The areas of the block that remain print the image because the carved areas are recessed and are not inked
Traditionally, wood has been used for relief prints because it is readily available, familiar to work with, and holds up under the pressure exerted by the printing process; these prints are known as woodcuts
Intaglio Printmaking Intaglio is derived from an Italian word that means “cut into” a surface
Intaglio printing differs from relief printmaking because little of the base material is removed
The ink on the raised surface is also wiped away before printing, leaving ink in the scarred surface of the plate
The pressure of the printing press