Pros And Cons Of The USA Patriot Act

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The USA Patriot Act is split into ten parts, civil liberties, surveillance, financial severing of supporting terrorism, border security, use of National Security Letters (NSL), compensation of victims, sharing information between law enforcement agencies, definitions of terrorism, sharing intelligence with government agencies, and other minor provisions. One of the major reasons that people did not support the Act was because it was hastily passed. Critics have said that such a huge piece of legislation should have been more thoroughly deliberated. Another issue was that the Patriot Act removes some civil liberties guaranteed by the Constitution. Wiretaps, NSLs, and performing searches without notification are a few of the major complaints. …show more content…
There had already been a couple of attacks that had taken place in the United States, we knew threat was real. The first attack on the World Trade Centers, followed up with the Oklahoma City Bombing, and then threats of other attacks on the horizon warranted a concerted effort in passing some kinds of Bills like those in the Patriot Act.
After the attacks on September 11, Pennsylvania Governor, Tom Ridge, was appointed the first director of the Office of Homeland Security at the White House. National strategy to safeguard the country from terrorism as well as prepare and respond to future attacks were the main goals of the office. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 was to formally allow the Department of Homeland Security to stand alone in a Cabinet level position to unify homeland security efforts (Homeland Security, 2015).
The Homeland Security Act of 2002 designated FEMA be under their leadership along with 21 other agencies. The reason behind the grouping of agencies was to allow all components to work together more effectively. More agencies had reservations about joining DHS to include the Coast Guard, Customs Service, and Border Patrol. Generally the agencies were upset with this move because they assumed their roles and authorities would be