Prostate Cancer Research Paper

Submitted By anjelica222
Words: 485
Pages: 2

Prostate Cancer is one of the most common cancers formed in men. It mainly occurs in men around the age of 65 and is rarely diagnosed is men under the age of 40. One in seven males have this disease. This cancer is more common in men of African descent than in Asian descent.

What is the Prostate?
The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system located in front of the rectum, just below the bladder, and surrounds the urethra. It is a key part of the male reproductive system. The Prostate is approximately the size of a walnut. The Prostate gland helps control the flow of urine, and adds fluid to the sperm.
What is Prostate Cancer?
As the male becomes older, there are 3 common problems the prostate can have, including inflammation (prostatitis), prostate enlargement (benign prostatic hyperplasia) and prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is generally a slow growing disease and can go undetected for long period of time. It is caused by an uncontrolled growth of prostate cells.
Signs And Symptoms - Frequent urination
- Blood in urine
- Urination might be painful
- Painful ejaculation
- Difficult to start or stop urine flow
STAGES OF PROSTATE CANCER
Prostate cancer is categorized in 4 stages to determine whether or not cancer has spread within the prostate or to other parts of the body. Finding out the type of stage is important to see what kind of treatment should be given to the patient.

Stage I
In this stage, cancer is only found in the prostate. The cancer can be found by a needle biopsy, when the patient has a high PSA level(protein made by prostate gland), or in surgery. Cancer is not seen by digital imaging of the prostate.

Stage II
The tumour has grown, but has not extended out of the prostate gland. The cancer is found depending on the PSA level and the Gleason score (system of evaluating prostate cancer tissue. Score ranges from 2-10 regarding the likelihood of the tumour to spread, where 2 being less likely and 10 being more…