Protestantism And Modernity Essay

Submitted By 88KeyGang
Words: 749
Pages: 3

Protestantism And Modernity
Evangelical Pietism (conservative)
Out of 17th century – lutherism
Creeds and formal religion
Feelings over rational thinking
Changing human life – not examining it
Sensing a purpose rather than analyzing it
Experiencing the divine
Spread out on international scale
Francke and Spener in Holland
Wesley in England
Count Zinzendorf & Moravians in Bohemia
Jonathon Edwards and American revivalists
Absolute dependence on God
The Oxford Movement (conservative)
John Henry Newman (1801-90)
Via Media
Appeals to tradition
Return to Anglican Book of Common Prayer
Argues for the Apostolic succession & sacraments
Conversions to Catholicism!
The Biblical Movement (liberal)
New Methods of Biblical Scholarship
Linguistic, archaeological, historical
Lower Criticism vs. higher criticism
Threat to biblical faith?
Julius Wellhausen (1844-1918)
The Documentary Hypothesis
OT Biblical scholarship – persuasive
Liberal theologians – rethinking
NT scholarship
Gospels – contradictions? (John’s Gospel)
Liberal foundational
Scientific method
Optimistic for Christianity’s future
New forms of Christianity – Jesus of faith
Fundamentalism and biblical inerrancy
Social Concern (liberal)
Industrial Revolution
Medieval monasticism
“Reformers and Pietists”
Dedication to God – everywhere
‘Holiness’ (Law & Wesley) for everyone
Protestantism – openness to the world characteristic
World is good – resources are good
Common ideal – wealth shared
Modernity and the industrial revolution nixed it!
Catholics and Protestants:
Defend the status quo or effect social change
Christian values of social justice and conscience
William Booth (1829-1912) – the Salvation Army
Social Gospel – restructure society
Major contributor to Christian diversity
New period of Western Christianity
Individualization and interiorization
“A walk, not a talk”
Transnational and transconfessional
Philipp Jacob Spener (1635-1705) and August Hermann Franke (1663-1727)
Piety – prayer & Bible over dogma
Called people:
Life-changing spiritual awakening
Separate from established churches
Brethren Churches (Alexander Mack 1679-1735)
State churches of Germany
Organized a new denomination
American in 1729
The Moravians (Zinzendorf 1700-1760)
Pietist tradition
“Whoever has God in his head is an atheist.”
New forms – worship and devotion
Methodists (John Wesley 1703-1791)
Oxford University
“Strangely warmed”
Introduced rationalism
Moral discourse
Justification by faith through sanctification
Holy Spirit
Holiness and Pentecostal movements
Christian perfection
3rd religious awakening in England
French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Methodism
Methodism – England Pietism – Lutheranism
Served the lower classes
Liquor; slavery and war
Free medicine
Puritanism In America
Influential Minority
Elizabethan settlement [X]
Response to religious divisions
1559 Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity
Anglicanism [X]
Simpler Church ritual – Calvinistic
“Pure” form of early Church
Forced to America
Americas (Plymouth Rock)
Biblicists – covenant theology
God’s law – enforced by magistrates
Moral purity
Convincing conversion
Practices and beliefs
Sermon – hours, singing
Theology – new Jerusalem (America)
Role in final drama of world history
Theocratic democracy
Zealous Nationalism
Covenant conformity
Natives – convert or subdue
Pequot natives
Captain John Underhill
Millennial Theocracy in New England
“Save the world”
Dualistic worldview – Book of Revelation (NT)