Introduction to Psychology Worksheet
Complete each part with 100- to 200-word responses. Your responses must total 500 to 800-words for the entire worksheet.
Part I: Origins of Psychology
Within psychology, several perspectives are used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. Describe three major psychological perspectives and name at least one leading theorist for each. The three major psychological perspectives I picked are psychodynamic, humanistic and behavioral. Psychodynamic perspective is to understand what is going on in the unconscious mind of a person. This provides information into how a person views relationships, experiences and the world. Those things will tell you how the preferences, behaviors and drive affect the person. Sigmund Freud developed this perspective in the early twentieth century. Humanistic perspective emphasizes and stresses the good in human behavior this allows ways for us to focus on improving a person's self-image or self-actualization. Carl Rogers founded humanistic psychology in the 1950s. The behavioral perspective is the belief that our environment causes us to behave a certain way it uses the stimulus-response theory. Ivan Pavlov, John B. Watson and Burrhus Frederic (B. F.) Skinner was the three key developers of the behavioral perspective.
Part II: Research Methods
Provide a brief overview of some research methods used by psychologists. Include strengths and weaknesses of each method. The research methods used by psychologist that I am going to cover are correlational method, Naturalistic Observations and experimental method. The correlational method is the study of how strongly two variables are related to or connected with each other. It can also be used to evaluate any information gathered by any expressive method. The strength is that correlation research is much easier to do than more thorough experimental research because you do not have a control group and an independent variable to influence. The primary weakness is that all correlation shows are a relationship, or lack of a relationship, between two variables. Naturalistic observation is the study of watching how humans or animal behave in their natural environment. When conducting this study the researcher does not have to do anything, but sit back and observe what is going on. The primary strength is you get to see the natural behavior of people when they are unaware they are being watched. The primary weakness is if you are seen it can affect the behavior of the person you are studying. You also need more than one observer.
Part III: Ethics in Research
Describe two ethical issues related to research. Why is informed consent necessary for ethical research? Two ethical issues related to research that I am going to address is students as research participants and the use of deception. Student as research participants have a unique circumstances when it comes participating in a research study. Student participants are required to participate as a course requirement or extra credit. The student must be giving an alternate