Essay PSYC2314 Final Exam Study Guide Fall 20

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PSYC2314 - FINAL EXAM ESSAY QUESTIONS

CHAPTER 1

List and describe the 5 characteristics of the lifespan perspective. Table 1.3 on page 21.

CHAPTER 2

Describe the Germinal Period, the Embryonic Period, and the Fetal Period being sure to mention the time in weeks for each period and the major developments that occur during each period. Pages 57-61.

CHAPTER 5

List and briefly describe the “Three Levels of Prevention” that describe injury control for children from ages 2 – 6 years of age. Page 174.

CHAPTER 6

List and briefly describe the 5 types of play as presented on page 213.

CHAPTER 8

List the 5 functions of the family giving an example of each. Page 292.

CHAPTER 10

For adolescents, list and give an example for each of the four areas of identity achievement.

1. Religious identity – if achieved, the young person will deepen their commitment to religion by exploring what their faith means for issues such as homelessness, immigration and death. The person feels secure enough not to be threatened by conflicting ideas of other faiths.

2. Gender identity – refers primarily to a person’s self-definition as male or female. It usually begins with biological sex and typically, but not always, leads to acceptance of a gender role and expression of a sexual orientation.

3. Political/Ethnic identity – all adolescents struggle to find a political/ethnic identity while remaining connected to their family roots. Achievement is usually fostered by elders in the community and does not necessarily conflict with respect for people of other ethnicities or political affiliations.

4. Vocational identity – usually not achieved until age 25 or later, for at least four reasons: inability to find meaningful work; lack skills needed for many careers; inability foreclose on a vocation because of changing technology; lack necessary abilities in literacy, logic, technology and human relations.

CHAPTER 13

From Table 13.1 on page 464, list and give a brief example of each of Erikson’s Stages of Adulthood.

1. Identity vs. Role Diffusion. Identity concerns can be lifelong combining values and traditions from childhood with current social contexts.

2. Intimacy vs. Isolation . Adults need to devote time and energy to one another and is a lifelong process. Intimacy is lost when death or divorce interfere.

3. Generativity vs. Stagnation. Adults need to care for the next generation, by having children or helping other young children. Adults extend the legacy of their culture and their generation with ongoing care, creativity, and sacrifice.

4. Integrity vs. Despair. Each person should direct…