Firefighting and EMS are ranked among one of the most stressful and demanding jobs in America. When broken down into individual categories it is ranked the second most stressful job and demanding work environment in the United States, right behind the President. But what is stress? There is no widely accepted definition of stress but it could be described as the demand made on an organization to adapt, cope or adjust. As a firefighter there are many situations, every day the cause stress and demand. Finding out and understanding how to manage and cope with that stress is key to staying healthy and happy. In the selected article, it discusses the various types of stress and the causes in the work environment of a firefighter. As a firefighter there are many types of stress you have to endure, both physiological and psychological. The types of physiological stress firefighters deal with are prolonged exertion, sleep deprivation, extreme temperatures, pain and acute changes in the work environment. These are all things a firefighter may experience every day. All of these things can add up and create more and more stress. The stress created at work doesn’t always stay at work. Firefighters often say that it is hard to leave the stress from work at or to leave the stress from home at home. All of the challenges of being a firefighter at work and then a parent, spouse, or friend at home can become overwhelming. This building stress can manifest within a firefighter and possibly have negative effects on your health, or possibly become Post Traumatic Stress disorder or PTSD. This can create many problems at work such of making things, that wouldn’t normally be stressful, become stressful. Large amounts of stress if not dealt with in the correct manor can also have terrible effects on your health and can even create auto immune deficiency diseases. The article also touched on how stress affects the psychological process of the brain. It is well known that no matter what with certain occupations, it is inevitable that you will be exposed to various levels of stress. It is made clear that everyone experiences and deals with stress in different ways. Because of this normal thought processing patterns can change as a result of stress. It can also change your physiological being, such as your vitals or your immune system. Stress can change someone so much that communication or behaviors of one can seem abnormal or uncharacteristic of the person being affected. In a survey conducted for firefighters 54% of all firefighters believed that they have responded inappropriately to an event as a result of their response to a stressful situation or environment. The survey shows that while under stress people can have impaired cognition which can put themselves or others in danger. If a firefighter is properly prepared for and understands how to handle stress, both psychological and physiological it can help keep them healthy and protect them from the harmful effects of stress. Some ways recommended to help prepare firefighters preform under stress are to maintain and…
Unit 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
February 6, 2015
● The transition between brutal to gentler treatments occurred thanks to the
efforts of reformers such as Philippe Pinel in France and Dorothea Dix in
the United States, Canada and Scotland.
● Both advocated constructing mental hospital to offer more humane
methods of treatment.
● Today’s mental health therapies can be classified into two main categories,
and the favored treatment…
Psych Review Unit 5
Absolute Threshold: The minimum amount of stimuli needed to produce sensation
Difference Threshold: Minimum amount of difference a person can detect 2 stimuli
Signal Detection Theory: A theory predicted how and when we detect the presence of a faint stimulus amid background stimulation. Assumes there is no single absolute threshold and detection depends on a person’s experiences, expectations, motivation, and level of fatigue.
Weber’s Law: Placed scientific percentages…
others or is influenced by others; non-social behavior is also studied
Sociology: focuses on group (social psych on individual)
Clinical Psych: focuses on disorders (social psych on typical behavior)
Personality Psych: internal, stable emotions (social psych on external environment, how social factors affect the individual)
Cognitive Psych: mental processes (social psych: how these mental processes work with respect to social info)
A Brief History of Social Psychology
Normal: means behavior or thought process is within acceptable limits
Postive Sign: a positive sign of mental illnessis a behavior or thought process that is an outward sign that the patient has mental illness. Ex. Reacting to a hallucinations
Negative Sign: a negative sign is a behavior or thought process that is absent from expected behavior or thought process ex. Patient stares without responding to a nurses questions.
Examples: Normal, Normal Volume, Muted, Poor Eye…
**TEST** Balance Theory and Social
Comparison point to importance of
similarity w/ others-- describe how and
why this is true for both theories
Balance theory: motivational theory of
attitude change. We seek validation to
maintain psych wholeness Ppl similar to
us validate our likes/dislikes. For Balance
theory, if we like our friend, but our friend
does not validate our like of a film, we are
out of balance. Social Comparison:
Process of uncertainty reduction- we look
to see where…
9 March 2015
Mini Unit: Dreams
1. In all of the dreams, the theme is abandonment, because she is deserted by her friends and left alone, stood up by her mother on prom night, left by her favorite teacher Mr. Stevens, and scared by her older self. It relates to her life in that she has no male friends, that she lives with her mother but not her father, and that she likes to be the center of attention.
2.Displacement happens in dreams #1 and 3, Mr. Steven and her friends…
together and how well either factor predicts the other.
• Types of research in which the researcher carefully manipulates a limited number of factors (IV) and measures the impact on other factors (DV) In psych were looking at the effect of the experimental change (IV) on a behavior or mental process (DV).
• How you get a pool of research participants that represent the population your trying to learn about
Psych Review Notes
Psychological Science- study of mind, brain, and behavior (personal space, mouse maize, growth rate)
Plato vs. Aristotle- Plato (thinks divinely and heavenly/rational thinking) Aristotle (I won’t believe it unless I see it/ future of psych science)
1879- Wilhelm Wundt- Leipzig, Germany, measure mental processes
1. Description- collect date about behavior under normal conditions
2. Explanation- go beyond data for process
3. Prediction- Likelihood that…
Psych. 1 Take-Home Essay Ch. 19, 20
1. Which one of the four personality theories discussed in Chs 19 & 20 do you favor and why?
I believe the humanistic theory has the most influence of our personality and determines
our behavior, environment and circumstances. The human brain is the most powerful part of
what makes us human by allowing a higher level of understanding of the environment we live in.
Problem solving and realizing the circumstances of a given situation…
Depression: Nature or Nurture?
Abnormal Psych- Dr. Darby
By the year 2020, depression is thought to become the 2nd leading cause of disability all over the world. It affects all people regardless of age group, geographic location or social position. In the United States, nearly 18.8 million adults or about 9.5 percent of the country’s population age, above the age of 18 years have depression. It has no limit on how severe or how slight it will…