* Several definitions of "intelligence" Depends on the measurements used * Intelligence can be looked at in different ways IQ tests Social Skills Job success Learning ability Musical Ability * Scientists who study animal intelligence Comparative psychologists Ethnologists * Natural environment Less control * Semi-natural Environment More control * Laboratory * Foraging (finding food) Tool use Problem solving * Sociality (group living) Recognize individuals Keep track of other members * Tool use in the Animal Kingdom Hearing Gulls Use bread for fish bait Capuchin Monkeys Use stone to crack open seeds Chimpanzees Use stick for termite mounds * Tools and the New Caledonian Crow Uses tools to get food out of the tree branch Knew small tools wouldn’t work, so it used a sequence of tools Studied in field and laboratory Makes tools from leaves Multi-step process Repeated cuts and tears Tool making through experience Not innate (not something they were born with) Many possible tool designs depending on Building materials Whole depth It looks into the hole to see if there are bugs It leaves and makes a tool Tool length 5cm (2inches) It comes back and used the tool in the hole Shallow hole: tool works (gets food) Deep hole: tool doesn't work (doesn't get food) Crow makes longer tool, comes back and tries again * Two step heuristic (ex. Rule of thumb) Heuristic: rule that works most of the time 1. Try standard tool first (same length, works every time) 2. Makes longer tool f the first one doesn’t get the food Got…
Merchandising Diagnostic tool
1. Stock management – Getting the most out of your most expensive resource - Stock
1. Are you happy with your merchandising?
1. How many weeks stock do you have made up on average (stock turn)?
a. Can you split that down per season – at least current, previous and older stock?
b. Can your business support the cash flow in the level of stock you currently own?
c. Does your business…
behavior of cranes and pelicans, electric discharge of electric rays, brood parasitism by European cuckoos)
Relative grades of animal intelligence
The lagoon: How Aristotle invented science (2014)
Recovered Aristotle’s science
Classical Roots of Ethology
Aristotle’s concept of scala naturae became closely intertwined with our view of God and religion (Compatible with the Biblical view)
Scala naturae was seen as logically ending with God as the ultimate expression of perfection
Medieval Concept of…
longboards. They are generally suitable for cruising on flatlands and can be used as means for downhill bombing and transportation. Pintail longboards are characterized by their narrow appearance. They are around 9 inches in width and 48 inches in length. Their trucks are located on the ends of both sides and they have riser pads that are semi-slanted to take deeper turns.
Amateurs may have a hard time maneuvering pintails. But if you like street riding, you can opt for a lowrider longboard with…
(looking within). - Wundt
- School: Functionalism:
-Focus on the function or significance of behavior- evolutionary mechanism.
-How does a behavior help us to adapt
-Functionalism is primarily biological.
Example: psychobiology, neuroscience, ethology
- School: Gestalt Psychology:
- Focus on perception and experience
- Look at how we experience the world
- Look at how people think and remember- construct our experience from our
- Consider everything in context, more than just…
the cell path length
C is the concentration
The units of ∈ are
∈ = [A] / [cm X C] → ∈ = [cm-1(C) -1]
where C is the concentration units that you are using.
 How does the percent transmittance of a solution vary with (a) increasing concentration and (b) increasing path
Percent Transmittance is inversely proportional to the concentration (more light goes through if the solution is very
Percent Transmittance is inversely proportional to the Path length. Recall that…
Psych. 100 Term Paper Guideline
During the course of the semester, you will be writing two papers. For both of them, your assignment is to read an assigned reading from Forty Studies that Changed Psychology, and write a response paper based on that reading.
In each half of the semester, you will be given a list of three readings. All readings are from the Forty Studies book and the topics are related to the lecture and textbook materials at that time. You task is to choose one out of the three…
joules of energy transferred by one coulomb of charge, and that current is the number of coulombs of charge passing a place each second.
The resistance of a conductor of uniform cross-section depends on three factors:
1. The length (l ) of the conductor. The longer the length, the greater the resistance will be.
2. The cross-sectional area (A). The greater the cross-sectional area, the less the resistance will be. This is similar to pumping water through a thick pipe compared with pumping it through…
distance from the lens to the object.
f# = f number of the lens indicating aperture opening. For example f5.6. The f number is the focal length divided by the aperture size.
c = circle of confusion, believe it or not, this is what engineers call it. It is not a circle drawn around your chair. You can consider this the pixel size in the sensor plane.
F = focal length of the lens. For example, a 50mm lens
This is an approximation, but it should give you a good idea. Note that there is not a perfect…
in which they live. Two questions will be addressed: how does the relative length of the mollusk ligament relate to the mobility of the animals and the environmental conditions under which they live, and how does intraspecific variation in shell morphology relate to habitat? The data collected in the experiment will be analyzed using the online ANOVA calculator. It can be found that ligament length relative to shell length is required by species living in the intertidal zone, where tides may make…
Heritage Assessment Tool: Varying Cultures
Grand Canyon University: NRS 429V
Heritage Assessment Tool: Varying Cultures
The Heritage Assessment Tool is designed to “give nurses an understanding of the patient’s traditional health and illness beliefs and practices so that culturally appropriate interventions can be initiated. The tool is a series of twenty nine questions. These twenty nine questions are designed to determine a patient’s ethnic, cultural, and religious background…