Psych Ia Paper

Submitted By MariaEugenia1
Words: 1532
Pages: 7

This design was an experiment based on memory, which allowed for the relationship between control and the experiment group to be determined. This design collected information that collaborated on concluding whether memorizing a set of words or data by narrative method also know as the independent variable would yield better results (dependant variable) rather than taking a set of words and memorizing them randomly or off the top of their heads (control group). In order to avoid demand characteristics, two completely different classes were tested. Also, in the standardized instructions we told the participants that we wanted individual answers as to avoid conformity and mal practice. In order to address the ethical considerations we told the participants about heir rights to withdraw from the experiment at any time and read to them the debriefing notes. At all times the experiment aimed at exclusively and harmlessly testing the participants memory and causing no physiological or psychological discomfort. Finally, they agreed and signed an informed consent.

Participants The target population was not only the IB students at our school, in fact the population was selected at random by the use of a calculator to produce classroom related numbers by pressing enter consecutively. The target population was divided between the control group and the experimental group, otherwise classified as two distinct random classes and given the same word bank, but were told to be memorized in different ways. The participants were required to be a maximum of 14 people (N=14). The participants age was not important nor whether they were psychology students, even though they might be familiar with the study being replicated. The division between genders was also quite even.

Apparatus/materials • 14 Experimental and Control Group consent forms (see appendix I and II) • 14 Experimental and Control Group answer sheets (see appendix IV) • 14 Experimental and Control group words banks composed of 10 exact random words: Tree, Mango, Beach, Garden, Delegate, Trophy, Telephone, Pencil, Refrigerator, and Flamingo. (see appendix III) • Stop watch • Standardize instructions ( see appendix VI) • Debriefing (see appendix V)

Procedure Once random selection of class rooms is completed, and experimental and control classrooms are selected, choose 14 participants whom will be tested and give them their consent from (see appendix I). After the consent form has been signed by each participant and collected in the experiment classroom, begin to distribute the list of 10 words (see appendix III). Allow each participant to study the list for about 2 minutes and inform them to do so by narrative method or story making, telling the experimental participants this exactly “once you have received the list of ten words, please read the over, study and memorize in the form of making up a story with them. This process is called narrative method.” Then collect the list and distribute the blank sheet of paper where the participant will then record the words he or she recalls from the previous list (see appendix IV). Then collect sheet of paper containing the results. In order to test the control classroom, distribute the list of words to the participants and inform them to memorize the words regularly without the use of narrative method for 2 minutes (see appendix II). Finally have the participants write down all the words they remembered and collect their results (see appendix IV).Once you have decided to leave the class and all the data has been collected make sure to debrief the participants by saying the following: “The experiment that was just completed was done in order to determine whether or not the narrative method affected human short term memory with words. The control group consisted of participants who were not told to memorize the words with the narrative method and were just allowed to study at random, as oppose