The psychodynamic approach includes all the theories in psychology that see human functioning based upon the interaction of drives and forces within the person, particularly unconscious, and between the different structures of the personality. The assumptions are, that our behavior and feelings are powerfully affected by unconscious motives, our behavior and feelings as adults are rooted in our childhood experiences, all behavior has a cause, even slips of the tongues, therefore all behavior is determines. Also that personality is made up of three parts, the ID EGO and SUPER-EGO. Behavior is motivated by two instinctual drives: Eros and Thanatos. Parts of the unconscious mind are in constant conflict with the conscious part of the mind. Personality is shaped as the drives are modified by different conflicts at different times in childhood. They would have thought Lars's feelings about the doll was unconscious. The socio cultural approach is based on the assumption that our personalities, beliefs, attitudes and skills are learned from others. the socio cultural approach goes further, however, in stating that it is impossible to fully understand a person without understanding his or her culture, ethnic identity, gender identity. Socio-Cultural Perspective is the belief that one's mind is shaped by the environment that they are raised in. For example. In India between the ages of 6-14 a child is already working and making a living while in America you're lucky if kids start
the layout for clues (bold)
7. Look for the “big picture” - how does this fit into everything
8. Paraphrase the section, and put notes in the margins
9. Make summary notes
10. Make up test questions
Psychology: the scientific study of behaviour and the factors that influence it,
psychology is whatever psychologists do
Basic Research: the quest for knowledge purely for its own sake
Applied Research: the quest from information designed to solve specific practical
How Does OB Make Sense of Behaviour? Split into four main groups: Psych, socio, anthro, and socio psycho:
Psychology: Science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change individual behaviour.
Sociology: Studies people in relation to their social environment. Areas include: group dynamics, design of work teams, organizational culture, communication, power, and conflict.
Social Psychology: communication patterns, group decision making, measuring and understanding attitudes…