Essay on Psych Study Guide

Submitted By Kinsey-Doerr
Words: 376
Pages: 2

Emotion & Motivation
Hedonic Principle: Motivation to experience pleasure and avoid pain.
James-Lange Theory: Emotion follows autonomic arousal.
Cannon-Bard Theory: Emotions and arousal elicited simultaneously.
Schachter-Singer 2-Factor Theory: Emotion follows (1) arousal and (2) interpretation of cause of arousal.
Evolutionary Theory: All people experience primary emotions that are innate reactions to stimuli.
Facial Feedback Theory: Facial expressions contribute to emotional reactions.
Amygdala: Without your amygdala, you have no fear.
Fast and Slow Fear Circuits: Sensory to thalamus to amygdala.
Synthetic Happiness: We synthesize happiness.
Sexual Strategies Theory: Men and women differ in the amount they invest to produce and nurture offspring. Women should be the “choosier” sex.
Nature and Nurture Predictors of Homosexuality: NOT liked to nurture. It is liked to our genes, aka Nature.

Intelligence, Thought, & Language
Fluid Intelligence: Ability to think about relationships among stimuli.
Crystallized Intelligence: Knowledge derived from experience.
Outcomes Associated With Intelligence: Higher academic success, Job performance, Longevity.
Nature Predictors of Intelligence: Parents intelligence correlate to intelligence.
Nurture Predictors of Intelligence: Environment and educations positively correlate to intelligence.
Reaction Range and Intelligence: Genetic limit on IQ. Enriched environment in the upper level, deprived environment in the lower level.
Stereotype Threat: Activating negative intellectual stereotypes can reduce test scores.
Terman’s Longitudinal Study of Gifted: Healthier, fewer divorces, more successful.
Representativeness Heuristic: Judging probability by how similar it is to something else known.
Availability Heuristic: Judging likelihood on the